Expression of human prostate-specific glandular kallikrein protein (hK2) in the breast cancer cell line T47-D

Ming Li Hsieh, M. Cristine Charlesworth, Marcia Goodmanson, Shaobo Zhang, Thomas Seay, George G. Klee, Donald J. Tindall, Charles Y.F. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Human glandular kallikrein/hK2) protein, like prostate-specific antigen (PSA), is produced mainly in prostatic epithelium. It may be useful as a new diagnostic indicator for prostate cancer. Recently, a number of hK2-specific monoclonal antibodies have been developed that enable us to detect hK2 protein in human prostate tissue, seminal fluid, and sera. Whether hK2 can be expressed, like PSA, in nonprostatic cells is not known. In this study, we have characterized the presence of hK2 in an androgen-responsive breast cancer cell line T47-D at both the protein and mRNA levels with an immunoassay, Western blot analysis, Northern blot analysis, and the reverse transcription-PCR. Using a sensitive immunoassay with monoclonal antibodies to hK2, we found that T47-D cells could be induced with androgens, mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, and progestins to produce significantly more hK2 than PSA. Estrogens failed to mimic the effect of the other steroids, blocking instead the stimulatory effect of androgens. Androgen induction of hK2 in T47-D cells was dose dependent. More interestingly, we found that the hK2 in androgen-induced T47-D cell spent media appears to be the pro-form of hK2 rather than mature hK2. Our study demonstrates that hK2, a serine protease thought to be found only in prostate-related tissues and fluids, is also produced in a breast cancer cell line T47-D alter steroid stimulation. This finding suggests that hK2 may have a potential role in breast cancer as well as prostatic cancer and will be the impetus for further studies of hK2 distribution and function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2651-2656
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Research
Volume57
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 1 1997

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Tissue Kallikreins
Androgens
Somatostatin-Secreting Cells
Breast Neoplasms
Cell Line
Prostate-Specific Antigen
Proteins
Immunoassay
Prostate
Prostatic Neoplasms
Steroids
Monoclonal Antibodies
Mineralocorticoids
Serine Proteases
Progestins
Northern Blotting
Glucocorticoids
Reverse Transcription
Estrogens
Epithelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Hsieh, M. L., Charlesworth, M. C., Goodmanson, M., Zhang, S., Seay, T., Klee, G. G., ... Young, C. Y. F. (1997). Expression of human prostate-specific glandular kallikrein protein (hK2) in the breast cancer cell line T47-D. Cancer Research, 57(13), 2651-2656.

Expression of human prostate-specific glandular kallikrein protein (hK2) in the breast cancer cell line T47-D. / Hsieh, Ming Li; Charlesworth, M. Cristine; Goodmanson, Marcia; Zhang, Shaobo; Seay, Thomas; Klee, George G.; Tindall, Donald J.; Young, Charles Y.F.

In: Cancer Research, Vol. 57, No. 13, 01.07.1997, p. 2651-2656.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hsieh, ML, Charlesworth, MC, Goodmanson, M, Zhang, S, Seay, T, Klee, GG, Tindall, DJ & Young, CYF 1997, 'Expression of human prostate-specific glandular kallikrein protein (hK2) in the breast cancer cell line T47-D', Cancer Research, vol. 57, no. 13, pp. 2651-2656.
Hsieh ML, Charlesworth MC, Goodmanson M, Zhang S, Seay T, Klee GG et al. Expression of human prostate-specific glandular kallikrein protein (hK2) in the breast cancer cell line T47-D. Cancer Research. 1997 Jul 1;57(13):2651-2656.
Hsieh, Ming Li ; Charlesworth, M. Cristine ; Goodmanson, Marcia ; Zhang, Shaobo ; Seay, Thomas ; Klee, George G. ; Tindall, Donald J. ; Young, Charles Y.F. / Expression of human prostate-specific glandular kallikrein protein (hK2) in the breast cancer cell line T47-D. In: Cancer Research. 1997 ; Vol. 57, No. 13. pp. 2651-2656.
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