Expression of XBP1s in bone marrow stromal cells is critical for myeloma cell growth and osteoclast formation

Guoshuang Xu, Kai Liu, Judy Anderson, Kenneth Patrene, Suzanne Lentzsch, G. David Roodman, Hongjiao Ouyang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations


BM stromal cells (BMSCs) are key players in the microenvironmental support of multiple myeloma (MM) cell growth and bone destruction. A spliced form of the X-box-binding protein-1 (XBP1s), a major proximal effector of unfolded protein response signaling, is highly expressed in MM cells and plays an indispensable role in MM pathogenesis. In the present study, we found that XBP1s is induced in the BMSCs of the MM microenvironment. XBP1s overexpression in healthy human BMSCs enhanced gene and/or protein expression of VCAM-1, IL-6, and receptor activator of NF-ΚB ligand (RANKL), enhancing BMSC support of MM cell growth and osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo. Conversely, deficiency of XBP1 in healthy donor BMSCs displayed a range of effects on BMSCs that were opposite to those cells with overexpression of XBP1s. Knock-down of XBP1 in MM patient BMSCs greatly compromised their increased VCAM-1 protein expression and IL-6 and RANKL secretion in response to TNFαand reversed their enhanced support of MM-cell growth and osteoclast formation. Our results demonstrate that XBP1s is a pathogenic factor underlying BMSC support of MM cell growth and osteoclast formation and therefore represents a therapeutic target for MM bone disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4205-4214
Number of pages10
Issue number18
StatePublished - May 3 2012


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Immunology
  • Hematology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this