Extracellular arginine rapidly dilates in vivo intestinal arteries and arterioles through a nitric oxide mechanism

Laura Pezzuto, H. Glenn Bohlen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Arginine used for nitric oxide formation can be from intracellular stores or transported into cells. The study evaluated the rapidity, and primary site of NO and vascular resistance responses to arginine at near physiological concentrations (100-400 μM). Methods: Arginine was applied to a single arteriole through a micropipette to determine the fastest possible responses. For vascular blood flow and [NO] responses, arginine was added to the bathing media. Results: Dilation of single arterioles to arginine began in 10-15 seconds and application over the entire vasculature increased [NO] in ∼60-90 seconds, and flow increased within 120-300 seconds. Resting periarteriolar [NO] for arterioles was 493.6 ± 30.5 nM and increased to 696.1 ± 68.2 and 820.1 ± 110.5 nM at 200 and 400 μM L-arginine. The blood flow increased 50% at 400-1200 μM L-arginine. The reduced arterial resistance during topical arginine was significantly greater than microvascular resistance at 100 and 200 μM arginine. All responses were blocked by L-NAME. Conclusions: This study demonstrated arterial resistance responses are as or more responsive to arginine induced NO formation as arterioles at near physiological concentrations of arginine. The vascular NO and resistance responses occurred rapidly at L-arginine concentrations at and below 400 μM, which predict arginine transport processes were involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-135
Number of pages13
JournalMicrocirculation
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008

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Keywords

  • Blood flow
  • Microelectrode
  • NO
  • Resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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