Facial soft-tissue asymmetry in three-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography images of children with surgically corrected unilateral clefts

John Marlow Starbuck, Ahmed Ghoneima, Katherine Kula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CL/P) is a relatively common craniofacial malformation involving bony and soft-tissue disruptions of the nasolabial and dentoalveolar regions. The combination of CL/P and subsequent craniofacial surgeries to close the cleft and improve appearance of the cutaneous upper lip and nose can cause scarring and muscle pull, possibly resulting in soft-tissue depth asymmetries across the face. We tested the hypothesis that tissue depths in children with unilateral CL/P exhibit differences in symmetry across the sides of the face. Twenty-eight tissue depths were measured on cone-beam computed tomography images of children with unilateral CL/P (n = 55), aged 7 to 17 years, using Dolphin software (version 11.5). Significant differences in tissue depth symmetry were found around the cutaneous upper lip and nose in patients with unilateral CL/P.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)476-480
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2014

Keywords

  • Soft-tissue depth
  • cleft lip with or without cleft palate
  • facial reconstruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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