Facial Tissue Depths in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate

John M. Starbuck, Ahmed Ghoneima, Katherine Kula

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is a craniofacial malformation affecting more than seven million people worldwide that results in defects of the hard palate, teeth, maxilla, nasal spine and floor, and maxillodental asymmetry. CLP facial soft-tissue depth (FSTD) values have never been published. The purpose of this research is to report CLP FSTD values and compare them to previously published FSTD values for normal children. Thirty-eight FSTDs were measured on cone beam computed tomography images of CLP children (n = 86; 7-17 years). MANOVA and ANOVA tests determined whether cleft type, age, sex, and bone graft surgical status affect tissue depths. Both cleft type (unilateral/bilateral) and age influence FSTDs. CLP FSTDs exhibit patterns of variation that differ from normal children, particularly around the oronasal regions of the face. These differences should be taken into account when facial reconstructions of children with CLP are created.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)274-284
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
Volume60
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cleft Lip
Cleft Palate
Hard Palate
Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
Maxilla
Nose
Analysis of Variance
Tooth
Reference Values
Spine
Transplants
Bone and Bones
Research

Keywords

  • Cleft lip and cleft palate
  • Cone beam computed tomography
  • Facial reproduction
  • Facial restoration
  • Facial soft-tissue depth
  • Forensic anthropology
  • Forensic facial reconstruction
  • Forensic science

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Genetics

Cite this

Facial Tissue Depths in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate. / Starbuck, John M.; Ghoneima, Ahmed; Kula, Katherine.

In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, Vol. 60, No. 2, 01.03.2015, p. 274-284.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Starbuck, John M. ; Ghoneima, Ahmed ; Kula, Katherine. / Facial Tissue Depths in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate. In: Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 60, No. 2. pp. 274-284.
@article{d8c6a7bf50ea4bcca3531322ac7cf591,
title = "Facial Tissue Depths in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate",
abstract = "Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is a craniofacial malformation affecting more than seven million people worldwide that results in defects of the hard palate, teeth, maxilla, nasal spine and floor, and maxillodental asymmetry. CLP facial soft-tissue depth (FSTD) values have never been published. The purpose of this research is to report CLP FSTD values and compare them to previously published FSTD values for normal children. Thirty-eight FSTDs were measured on cone beam computed tomography images of CLP children (n = 86; 7-17 years). MANOVA and ANOVA tests determined whether cleft type, age, sex, and bone graft surgical status affect tissue depths. Both cleft type (unilateral/bilateral) and age influence FSTDs. CLP FSTDs exhibit patterns of variation that differ from normal children, particularly around the oronasal regions of the face. These differences should be taken into account when facial reconstructions of children with CLP are created.",
keywords = "Cleft lip and cleft palate, Cone beam computed tomography, Facial reproduction, Facial restoration, Facial soft-tissue depth, Forensic anthropology, Forensic facial reconstruction, Forensic science",
author = "Starbuck, {John M.} and Ahmed Ghoneima and Katherine Kula",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/1556-4029.12645",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "60",
pages = "274--284",
journal = "Journal of Forensic Sciences",
issn = "0022-1198",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Facial Tissue Depths in Children with Cleft Lip and Palate

AU - Starbuck, John M.

AU - Ghoneima, Ahmed

AU - Kula, Katherine

PY - 2015/3/1

Y1 - 2015/3/1

N2 - Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is a craniofacial malformation affecting more than seven million people worldwide that results in defects of the hard palate, teeth, maxilla, nasal spine and floor, and maxillodental asymmetry. CLP facial soft-tissue depth (FSTD) values have never been published. The purpose of this research is to report CLP FSTD values and compare them to previously published FSTD values for normal children. Thirty-eight FSTDs were measured on cone beam computed tomography images of CLP children (n = 86; 7-17 years). MANOVA and ANOVA tests determined whether cleft type, age, sex, and bone graft surgical status affect tissue depths. Both cleft type (unilateral/bilateral) and age influence FSTDs. CLP FSTDs exhibit patterns of variation that differ from normal children, particularly around the oronasal regions of the face. These differences should be taken into account when facial reconstructions of children with CLP are created.

AB - Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is a craniofacial malformation affecting more than seven million people worldwide that results in defects of the hard palate, teeth, maxilla, nasal spine and floor, and maxillodental asymmetry. CLP facial soft-tissue depth (FSTD) values have never been published. The purpose of this research is to report CLP FSTD values and compare them to previously published FSTD values for normal children. Thirty-eight FSTDs were measured on cone beam computed tomography images of CLP children (n = 86; 7-17 years). MANOVA and ANOVA tests determined whether cleft type, age, sex, and bone graft surgical status affect tissue depths. Both cleft type (unilateral/bilateral) and age influence FSTDs. CLP FSTDs exhibit patterns of variation that differ from normal children, particularly around the oronasal regions of the face. These differences should be taken into account when facial reconstructions of children with CLP are created.

KW - Cleft lip and cleft palate

KW - Cone beam computed tomography

KW - Facial reproduction

KW - Facial restoration

KW - Facial soft-tissue depth

KW - Forensic anthropology

KW - Forensic facial reconstruction

KW - Forensic science

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924158844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924158844&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/1556-4029.12645

DO - 10.1111/1556-4029.12645

M3 - Article

C2 - 25442980

AN - SCOPUS:84924158844

VL - 60

SP - 274

EP - 284

JO - Journal of Forensic Sciences

JF - Journal of Forensic Sciences

SN - 0022-1198

IS - 2

ER -