Factors associated with seeking preventive dental care: An integrative model exploration of behaviors in Mexican immigrants in Midwest America

Jonathan T. Macy, Elizabeth A.S. Moser, Adam T. Hirsh, Patrick Monahan, George J. Eckert, Gerardo Maupome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Mexican immigrants in the United States suffer from poor oral health. The objective of the current study was to explore the utility of applying theory-based factors associated with seeking preventive dental care in a sample of Mexican American adults. Methods: Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey of a sample of 157 people of Mexican origin (64% female; age 34±11 years) recruited primarily from church congregations and lay community organizations in Central Indiana. Using the Integrative Model of Behavioral Prediction as the guiding framework, structural equation modeling was used to test factors associated with intention to seek preventive dental care. Results: Attitude towards seeking preventive dental care (estimate=0.37; p<.0001) and self-efficacy for seeking preventive dental care (estimate=0.68; p<.0001) were associated with intention to seek preventive dental care. The association between dental beliefs and intention to seek preventive dental care was mediated by attitude and self-efficacy (indirect effect=0.26, p=.002), and the association between past behavior and intention to seek preventive dental care was mediated by self-efficacy (indirect effect=0.26, p=.003). Conclusions: These findings suggest that interventions to increase preventive dental care seeking behavior among Mexican Americans should focus on changing attitudes toward seeking preventive dental care and on increasing self-efficacy to seek preventive dental care. Findings also support the use of interventions to influence dental beliefs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number37
JournalBMC Oral Health
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 12 2018

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Preventive Medicine
Dental Care
Self Efficacy
Tooth
Oral Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Economics
Organizations

Keywords

  • Barriers
  • Health behavior
  • Integrative model of behavioral prediction
  • Mexican-American
  • Oral health
  • Preventive care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Factors associated with seeking preventive dental care : An integrative model exploration of behaviors in Mexican immigrants in Midwest America. / Macy, Jonathan T.; Moser, Elizabeth A.S.; Hirsh, Adam T.; Monahan, Patrick; Eckert, George J.; Maupome, Gerardo.

In: BMC Oral Health, Vol. 18, No. 1, 37, 12.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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