Factors related to adult drowning

Dorothy A. Gomez, Robert M. Saywell, Terrell W. Zollinger, Troy M. Schmit, Rosemary Donahue

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    All adult (age 18 or older) drownings in Dade County, Florida, during 1989 were examined to determine the circumstances and related factors. Each of the 89 case investigations included autopsy findings, blood alcohol concentrations, toxicology screening results, and information from both police reports and hospital records. The results indicated that 83.1% were classified as unintentional deaths. Nearly one fourth (23.1%) had a blood alcohol content greater than 0.10%, and 18.3% were positive for drugs (cocaine, tranquilizers, etc.) that could affect the central nervous system. Prevention programs must emphasize reduction of substance use. Only 38.2% of the victims received emergency resuscitative care beginning at the immersion site. CPR was most often initiated by a lay person (47.1%), emergency medical services personnel (23.5%), and life guards (14.7%). This trend emphasizes the importance of instructing lay people in techniques of CPR.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-8
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Safety Research
    Volume23
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1992

    Fingerprint

    Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
    Emergency Medical Services
    Alcohols
    Blood
    alcohol
    Hospital Records
    medical services
    Neurology
    Police
    Law enforcement
    Immersion
    Cocaine
    Toxicology
    Autopsy
    Screening
    personnel
    police
    Central Nervous System
    Personnel
    drug

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemical Health and Safety
    • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Human Factors and Ergonomics
    • Law
    • Safety Research
    • Transportation

    Cite this

    Gomez, D. A., Saywell, R. M., Zollinger, T. W., Schmit, T. M., & Donahue, R. (1992). Factors related to adult drowning. Journal of Safety Research, 23(1), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-4375(92)90034-7

    Factors related to adult drowning. / Gomez, Dorothy A.; Saywell, Robert M.; Zollinger, Terrell W.; Schmit, Troy M.; Donahue, Rosemary.

    In: Journal of Safety Research, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1992, p. 1-8.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Gomez, DA, Saywell, RM, Zollinger, TW, Schmit, TM & Donahue, R 1992, 'Factors related to adult drowning', Journal of Safety Research, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-4375(92)90034-7
    Gomez DA, Saywell RM, Zollinger TW, Schmit TM, Donahue R. Factors related to adult drowning. Journal of Safety Research. 1992;23(1):1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-4375(92)90034-7
    Gomez, Dorothy A. ; Saywell, Robert M. ; Zollinger, Terrell W. ; Schmit, Troy M. ; Donahue, Rosemary. / Factors related to adult drowning. In: Journal of Safety Research. 1992 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 1-8.
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