Failure to suppress markers of bone turnover on first-line hormone therapy for metastatic prostate cancer is associated with shorter time to skeletal-related event

Noah M. Hahn, Constantin T. Yiannoutsos, Kristina Kirkpatrick, Jaya Sharma, Christopher J. Sweeney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Elevated markers of bone turnover are prognostic for shorter survival in castration-resistant prostate cancer. We aimed to determine the prognostic value of bone turnover markers in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer. Patients and Methods Markers of bone turnover (urine deoxypyridinoline [DPD] and N-telopeptide, serum bone alkaline phosphatase (AP), and osteocalcin [OC]) from baseline and after 6 months of study were assessed in men enrolled in a prospective metastatic prostate cancer trial with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with or without risedronate (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00216060). Results Serum samples were collected from 63 patients with bone involvement and a median follow-up of 39.7 months. A multivariate model using Cox regression - which included prostate-specific antigen (PSA) nadir, bisphosphonate treatment, and extent of metastases - showed that suppression of bone turnover markers after 6 months of therapy compared with baseline was significantly associated with longer skeletal-related event (SRE)-free survival. ADT without bisphosphonate therapy was also associated with a decline in markers of bone turnover, presumably resulting from direct anticancer activity. Elevated baseline bone turnover markers were not prognostic. Conclusion Failure to suppress bone turnover while receiving ADT, even when otherwise responding to therapy, may identify patients with hormone-sensitive metastatic prostate cancer who are destined for a shorter time to SREs and progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-40.e4
JournalClinical Genitourinary Cancer
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Androgen deprivation therapy
  • Bone turnover
  • Prostate cancer
  • Skeletal-related events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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