Neurofibrillary lesions made of hyperphosphorylated microtubule- associated protein tau constitute not only one of the defining neuropathological features of Alzheimer disease but also are present in a number of other neurodegenerative diseases with dementia. Here we describe a novel autosomal dominant disease named familial 'multiple system tauopathy with presenile dementia,' which is characterized by abundant fibrillary deposits of tau protein in both neurons and glial cells. There are no detectable deposits of β-amyloid. The tau deposits are in the form of twisted filaments that differ in diameter and periodicity from the paired helical filaments of Alzheimer disease. They are stained by both phosphorylation-independent and -dependent anti-tau antibodies. Moreover, tau immunoreactivity coexists with heparan sulfate in affected nerve and glial cells. Tau protein extracted from filaments of familial multiple system tauopathy with presenile dementia shows a minor 72-kDa band and two major bands of 64 and 68 kDa that contain mainly hyperphosphorylated four-repeat tau isoforms of 383 and 412 amino acids.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Apr 15 1997|
- familial disease
- microtubule-associated protein tau
ASJC Scopus subject areas