Family caregiving in heart failure

Tamilyn Bakas, Susan Pressler, Elizabeth A. Johnson, Julie A. Nauser, Terrence Shaneyfelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Little is known about the experiences of family caregivers of patients with heart failure, despite the fact that these patients have disabling symptoms and diminished functioning that could lead to caregiver stress. OBJECTIVES:: Based on a caregiver model, the aims of this study were to (a) examine relationships among age, perceived control over managing heart problems, perceived difficulty with tasks, perceived outcomes, and perceived mental and general health among caregivers of persons with heart failure; (b) describe caregivers' perceptions of control over managing heart problems; and (c) describe the tasks and outcomes perceived as being most difficult and negative by caregivers. METHODS:: A sample of 21 family caregivers of patients with heart failure completed the study questionnaires. Most were women (n ≤ 20), spouses (n ≤ 20), and White (n ≤ 18), with a mean age of 59.6 years. The patients with heart failure were male veterans with New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class II, III, or IV. Descriptive statistics and Spearman's ρ correlations were used. RESULTS:: Younger caregivers perceived their tasks to be more difficult and their mental health to be poorer. Caregivers' perceived control over managing heart problems was related moderately to poorer perceived mental health. Greater perceived difficulty with tasks was associated with negative perceptions of caregiver outcomes and poorer perceived mental health. Negative perceptions of caregiver outcomes were associated strongly with perceptions of poorer mental health. Performing household tasks and managing patient behaviors were most difficult, and the caregiver's emotional and financial well-being, time for social activities, and general health had deteriorated. CONCLUSIONS:: The preliminary results support the model. Future longitudinal studies are needed in larger samples to evaluate predictors of caregiver-perceived negative outcomes to identify priority areas for interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-188
Number of pages9
JournalNursing Research
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2006

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Caregivers
Heart Failure
Mental Health
Veterans
Spouses
Longitudinal Studies

Keywords

  • Caregivers
  • Heart failure
  • Outcomes
  • Tasks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Bakas, T., Pressler, S., Johnson, E. A., Nauser, J. A., & Shaneyfelt, T. (2006). Family caregiving in heart failure. Nursing Research, 55(3), 180-188. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006199-200605000-00004

Family caregiving in heart failure. / Bakas, Tamilyn; Pressler, Susan; Johnson, Elizabeth A.; Nauser, Julie A.; Shaneyfelt, Terrence.

In: Nursing Research, Vol. 55, No. 3, 05.2006, p. 180-188.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bakas, T, Pressler, S, Johnson, EA, Nauser, JA & Shaneyfelt, T 2006, 'Family caregiving in heart failure', Nursing Research, vol. 55, no. 3, pp. 180-188. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006199-200605000-00004
Bakas T, Pressler S, Johnson EA, Nauser JA, Shaneyfelt T. Family caregiving in heart failure. Nursing Research. 2006 May;55(3):180-188. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006199-200605000-00004
Bakas, Tamilyn ; Pressler, Susan ; Johnson, Elizabeth A. ; Nauser, Julie A. ; Shaneyfelt, Terrence. / Family caregiving in heart failure. In: Nursing Research. 2006 ; Vol. 55, No. 3. pp. 180-188.
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