Family Involvement in Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation: A Propensity Score Analysis of Effects on Outcomes During the First Year After Discharge

Jennifer Bogner, Erinn M. Hade, Juan Peng, Cynthia L. Beaulieu, Susan D. Horn, John D. Corrigan, Flora M. Hammond, Marcel P. Dijkers, Erin Montgomery, Kamie Gilchrist, Clare Giuffrida, Aubrey Lash, Misti Timpson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effect of family attendance at inpatient rehabilitation therapy sessions on traumatic brain injury (TBI) patient outcomes at discharge and up to 9 months postdischarge. Design: Propensity score methods are applied to the TBI Practice-Based Evidence database, a database consisting of multisite, prospective, longitudinal, and observational data. Setting: Nine inpatient rehabilitation centers in the United States. Participants: Patients (N=1835) admitted for first inpatient rehabilitation after an index TBI. Intervention: Family attendance during therapy sessions. Main Outcome Measures: Participation Assessment for Recombined Tools-Objective-17 (Total scores and subdomain scores of Productivity, Out and About, and Social Relations), Functional Independence Measure, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Results: Participants whose families were in attendance for at least 10% of the treatment time were more out and about in their communities at 3 and 9 months postdischarge than participants whose families attended treatment less than 10% of the time. Although findings varied by propensity score method, improved functional independence in the cognitive area at 9 months was also associated with increased family attendance. Conclusions: Family involvement during inpatient rehabilitation may improve community participation and cognitive functioning up to 9 months after discharge. Rehabilitation teams should engage patients’ families in the rehabilitation process to maximize outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1801-1809
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
Volume100
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Brain injuries, traumatic
  • Occupational therapy
  • Physical therapists
  • Propensity score
  • Recreation therapy
  • Rehabilitation
  • Speech therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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    Bogner, J., Hade, E. M., Peng, J., Beaulieu, C. L., Horn, S. D., Corrigan, J. D., Hammond, F. M., Dijkers, M. P., Montgomery, E., Gilchrist, K., Giuffrida, C., Lash, A., & Timpson, M. (2019). Family Involvement in Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation: A Propensity Score Analysis of Effects on Outcomes During the First Year After Discharge. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, 100(10), 1801-1809. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2019.04.008