Feasibility and Potential Benefits of a Self-Monitoring Enhanced Lifestyle Intervention to Prevent Excessive Gestational Weight Gain in Women Who Are Overweight or Obese

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Abstract

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a self-monitoring enhanced lifestyle intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain in women who are overweight and obese. Design A one-group, prospective design involving 8 weeks of healthy eating and physical activity and self-monitoring of weight, nutrition, and walking. Setting Recruitment and enrollment in prenatal clinics and self-monitoring at home. Participants Women (N = 22) at 14 to 24 gestational weeks, with body mass indexes of 25 to 40 kg/m2, without medical and psychiatric diseases that affected cognition or walking. Methods Participants self-monitored weight and nutrition intake for the first 4 weeks and weight, nutrition intake, and walking in the second 4 weeks. Feasibility data were collected weekly (attrition, self-monitoring adherence, program safety, participant feedback) or at the end of Week 8 (satisfaction ratings). Potential benefits included weight, nutrition, and physical activity, measured at baseline (T1), the end of Week 4 (T2), or the end of Week 8 (T3). Results Attrition rates were 27.3% by T2 and 40.9% by T3. Adherence to log return was 100%. No adverse effects were noted, but food craving was persistent, and stress levels were high. Program satisfaction was high. Trends for improved activity and reduced trans fat consumption were seen. Conclusion Our findings indicate that the intervention is worthy of further development and testing with a randomized controlled trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-196
Number of pages15
JournalJOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Fingerprint

Weight Gain
Life Style
Walking
Weights and Measures
Exercise
Cognition
Psychiatry
Body Mass Index
Randomized Controlled Trials
Fats
Safety
Food

Keywords

  • gestational weight gain
  • intervention study
  • lifestyle management
  • obesity
  • obesity prevention
  • overweight
  • pregnancy
  • pregnancy weight gain
  • self-monitoring
  • self-weighing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pediatrics
  • Critical Care
  • Maternity and Midwifery

Cite this

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title = "Feasibility and Potential Benefits of a Self-Monitoring Enhanced Lifestyle Intervention to Prevent Excessive Gestational Weight Gain in Women Who Are Overweight or Obese",
abstract = "Objective To evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a self-monitoring enhanced lifestyle intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain in women who are overweight and obese. Design A one-group, prospective design involving 8 weeks of healthy eating and physical activity and self-monitoring of weight, nutrition, and walking. Setting Recruitment and enrollment in prenatal clinics and self-monitoring at home. Participants Women (N = 22) at 14 to 24 gestational weeks, with body mass indexes of 25 to 40 kg/m2, without medical and psychiatric diseases that affected cognition or walking. Methods Participants self-monitored weight and nutrition intake for the first 4 weeks and weight, nutrition intake, and walking in the second 4 weeks. Feasibility data were collected weekly (attrition, self-monitoring adherence, program safety, participant feedback) or at the end of Week 8 (satisfaction ratings). Potential benefits included weight, nutrition, and physical activity, measured at baseline (T1), the end of Week 4 (T2), or the end of Week 8 (T3). Results Attrition rates were 27.3{\%} by T2 and 40.9{\%} by T3. Adherence to log return was 100{\%}. No adverse effects were noted, but food craving was persistent, and stress levels were high. Program satisfaction was high. Trends for improved activity and reduced trans fat consumption were seen. Conclusion Our findings indicate that the intervention is worthy of further development and testing with a randomized controlled trial.",
keywords = "gestational weight gain, intervention study, lifestyle management, obesity, obesity prevention, overweight, pregnancy, pregnancy weight gain, self-monitoring, self-weighing",
author = "Carol Shieh and Ziyi Yang and David Haas and Janet Carpenter",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jogn.2016.09.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "182--196",
journal = "JOGNN - Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing",
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AU - Haas, David

AU - Carpenter, Janet

PY - 2017/3/1

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N2 - Objective To evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a self-monitoring enhanced lifestyle intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain in women who are overweight and obese. Design A one-group, prospective design involving 8 weeks of healthy eating and physical activity and self-monitoring of weight, nutrition, and walking. Setting Recruitment and enrollment in prenatal clinics and self-monitoring at home. Participants Women (N = 22) at 14 to 24 gestational weeks, with body mass indexes of 25 to 40 kg/m2, without medical and psychiatric diseases that affected cognition or walking. Methods Participants self-monitored weight and nutrition intake for the first 4 weeks and weight, nutrition intake, and walking in the second 4 weeks. Feasibility data were collected weekly (attrition, self-monitoring adherence, program safety, participant feedback) or at the end of Week 8 (satisfaction ratings). Potential benefits included weight, nutrition, and physical activity, measured at baseline (T1), the end of Week 4 (T2), or the end of Week 8 (T3). Results Attrition rates were 27.3% by T2 and 40.9% by T3. Adherence to log return was 100%. No adverse effects were noted, but food craving was persistent, and stress levels were high. Program satisfaction was high. Trends for improved activity and reduced trans fat consumption were seen. Conclusion Our findings indicate that the intervention is worthy of further development and testing with a randomized controlled trial.

AB - Objective To evaluate the feasibility and potential benefits of a self-monitoring enhanced lifestyle intervention to prevent excessive gestational weight gain in women who are overweight and obese. Design A one-group, prospective design involving 8 weeks of healthy eating and physical activity and self-monitoring of weight, nutrition, and walking. Setting Recruitment and enrollment in prenatal clinics and self-monitoring at home. Participants Women (N = 22) at 14 to 24 gestational weeks, with body mass indexes of 25 to 40 kg/m2, without medical and psychiatric diseases that affected cognition or walking. Methods Participants self-monitored weight and nutrition intake for the first 4 weeks and weight, nutrition intake, and walking in the second 4 weeks. Feasibility data were collected weekly (attrition, self-monitoring adherence, program safety, participant feedback) or at the end of Week 8 (satisfaction ratings). Potential benefits included weight, nutrition, and physical activity, measured at baseline (T1), the end of Week 4 (T2), or the end of Week 8 (T3). Results Attrition rates were 27.3% by T2 and 40.9% by T3. Adherence to log return was 100%. No adverse effects were noted, but food craving was persistent, and stress levels were high. Program satisfaction was high. Trends for improved activity and reduced trans fat consumption were seen. Conclusion Our findings indicate that the intervention is worthy of further development and testing with a randomized controlled trial.

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