Feeding after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy in children: Early feeding trial

Mark R. Corkins, Joseph F. Fitzgerald, Sandeep K. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous endoscopic placement of a gastrostomy tube is a common procedure to provide feeding access in children. The practice has been to withhold the initial feeding for a prescribed length of time because of safety concerns. The shortest reported time to feeding in pediatric patients is 6 hours. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized trial was devised to compare the tolerance of feedings at 3 and 6 hours after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement. The change in abdominal girth before and 1 hour after the initial feeding, any vomiting, and the gastric residual volume before the next feeding were recorded. The length of stay was also documented. RESULTS: Forty successive patients who met the entry criteria were enrolled, with 20 in each group. There were no statistical differences between the groups for age or sex distribution. There were no significant differences in the recorded episodes of emesis from either group (median value 0 in both groups, P = 0.82). The changes in abdominal girths were also similar and statistically not significantly different (median values 0 for 3 hours vs 0.5 cm for 6 hours, P = 0.29). Gastric residual volumes were low overall and not different depending on the time that feedings were started (median value 0 in both groups, P = 0.47). The length of stay was statistically the same between the 3- and 6-hour feeding groups (median values 30.7 hours for 3 hours vs 30.0 hours for 6 hours, P = 0.92). CONCLUSIONS: Feedings after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy placement can be started as soon as 3 hours after the procedure is completed with no increase in complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-627
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume50
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010

Keywords

  • Children
  • Enteral access
  • Feedings
  • Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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