Objective: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common physiologic complication after fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR). This investigation was initiated to determine the unknown impact of post-FEVAR AKI on long-term renal function after index hospital discharge. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of an institutional FEVAR database capturing preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables related to the implantation of consecutive Zenith Fenestrated endografts (ZFEN; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) between October 2012 and April 2018. AKI in this study was bimodally defined as qualification by either Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of kidney function, and End-stage (RIFLE) criteria or a postoperative serum creatinine (sCr) concentration increase of 0.5 mg/dL from baseline. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was calculated using the validated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study equation. Results: During the study period, 120 FEVARs were performed at our institution. Twenty-four (20%) patients exhibited postoperative AKI by our established definitions. Two in-hospital deaths occurred in the AKI cohort compared with none in the remaining FEVARs (P = .04). Four (16.7%) AKI patients required perioperative (<30-day) renal replacement therapy, three of whom were successfully weaned before discharge. FEVARs uncomplicated by AKI exhibited no differences in sCr concentration from baseline to 1-month, 6-month, 1-year, and 2-year follow-up (mean, 1.8 ± 1.4 years). In contrast, patients exhibiting AKI experienced an sCr concentration increase of 57.1% (P = .01) at 1 month after the procedure. This elevation decreased to 14.3% (P = .35) at 6 months after the procedure and was maintained at baseline values at 1- and 2-year office visits (follow-up, 1.3 ± 1.5 years). A similar pattern of gradual recovery during follow-up was also observed with respect to calculated GFR. Conclusions: AKI is common after FEVAR but rarely results in permanent renal dysfunction as both sCr concentration and GFR return to baseline by 6 months after the procedure.
- Acute kidney injury (AKI)
- Chronic renal disease
- Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR)
- Renal outcomes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine