Fertility in adolescent women previously treated for genitourinary chlamydial infection

B. P. Katz, S. Thom, M. J. Blythe, J. N. Arno, V. M. Caine, R. B. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations


Study Objective: To obtain follow-up pregnancy data on adolescent women in order to examine the effectiveness of anti-chlamydial therapy in the prevention of early infertility. Design: A longitudinal follow-up of adolescent women originally enrolled in a study of prevalence and recurrence of genital chlamydial infection. Setting: Public health adolescent clinics in Marion County (Indianapolis), Indiana. Participants: Sexually active female patients between 11 and 20 years and receiving gynecological care between October 1985 and February 1990. Interventions: None. Main Outcome Measures: Pregnancy during the follow-up period was ascertained using self-report during a telephone survey and/or the computerized record system of the county hospital. Rates were compared among the women separated into three groups: more than one documented chlamydial infection, a single infection, and no documented infection. Results: Using both data sources, the lowest proportion of women who became pregnant during the follow-up period was observed in the single infection group (34.9%, p = 0.029), but the other two groups were similar (multiple infections 54.2%, no documented infection 51.0%). Among women who were contacted by phone, the overall proportion was higher (68.3%) and did not differ by group even after adjustment for sexual activity and condom use. Conclusions: These data do not show an association between a history of treated genitourinary chlamydial infection and infertility. The frequent monitoring and treatment featured in the original study may have affected this.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-152
Number of pages6
JournalAdolescent and Pediatric Gynecology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994


  • Chlamydial infection
  • Infertility
  • Pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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