Fibronectin fragments promote human retinal endothelial cell adhesion and proliferation and ERK activation through α5β1 integrin and PI 3-kinase

Sylvia H. Wilson, Alexander V. Ljubimov, Alex O. Morla, Sergio Caballero, Lynn C. Shaw, Polyxenie E. Spoerri, Roy W. Tarnuzzer, Maria B. Grant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

PURPOSE. Extracellular matrix degradation is associated with neovascularization in diabetic retinas. Fibronectin fragments (Fn-fs) are generated during vascular remodeling. The effects of cellular fibronectin (Fn) and selected Fn-fs on adhesion, proliferation, and signal transduction in human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) were characterized. METHODS. Relative quantitative RT-PCR, flow cytometry, and immunocytochemistry determined integrin expression on HRECs. Adhesion was evaluated by coating plastic with Fn or Fn-fs of 45, 70, 110, or 120 kDa, and MTT conversion was used to measure proliferation and survival. Peptide inhibitors and blocking antibodies determined adhesive sites and integrins used for adhesion. Pharmacologic inhibitors and Western analyses were used to evaluate intracellular signaling. RESULTS. HRECs produced significant levels of α2, α3, α5, αv, β1, β3, and β5 integrin subunit mRNA. Flow cytometry of surface integrin expression revealed high levels of α3, α5, and β1 and lower levels of α1, αv, β3, and β5. These results were confirmed by immunocytochemistry. For adhesion to Fn and Fn-fs, the α5β1 integrin was essential. Pharmacologic inhibitors of PI 3-kinase blocked adhesion to Fn and Fn-fs, whereas the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 blocked phosphorylation. The 110- and 120-kDa Fn-fs showed a concentration-dependent increase in proliferation, whereas 500 ng of the 70 kDa Fn-f-induced proliferation. Addition of III 1-C, a matrix assembly domain, increased the proliferative effect of these Fn-fs. CONCLUSIONS. Fn and its Fn-fs modulate HREC adhesion and proliferation through signal-transduction pathways involving coupling of the α5β1 integrin through PI 3-kinase. Mitogenic signals for endothelial cells from degraded extracellular matrix may contribute to the development of diabetic retinopathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1704-1715
Number of pages12
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
Fibronectins
Cell Adhesion
Integrins
Endothelial Cells
Cell Proliferation
Extracellular Matrix
Signal Transduction
Flow Cytometry
Immunohistochemistry
Blocking Antibodies
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Diabetic Retinopathy
Adhesives
Plastics
Retina
Phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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Fibronectin fragments promote human retinal endothelial cell adhesion and proliferation and ERK activation through α5β1 integrin and PI 3-kinase. / Wilson, Sylvia H.; Ljubimov, Alexander V.; Morla, Alex O.; Caballero, Sergio; Shaw, Lynn C.; Spoerri, Polyxenie E.; Tarnuzzer, Roy W.; Grant, Maria B.

In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Vol. 44, No. 4, 01.04.2003, p. 1704-1715.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wilson, Sylvia H. ; Ljubimov, Alexander V. ; Morla, Alex O. ; Caballero, Sergio ; Shaw, Lynn C. ; Spoerri, Polyxenie E. ; Tarnuzzer, Roy W. ; Grant, Maria B. / Fibronectin fragments promote human retinal endothelial cell adhesion and proliferation and ERK activation through α5β1 integrin and PI 3-kinase. In: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science. 2003 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 1704-1715.
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abstract = "PURPOSE. Extracellular matrix degradation is associated with neovascularization in diabetic retinas. Fibronectin fragments (Fn-fs) are generated during vascular remodeling. The effects of cellular fibronectin (Fn) and selected Fn-fs on adhesion, proliferation, and signal transduction in human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) were characterized. METHODS. Relative quantitative RT-PCR, flow cytometry, and immunocytochemistry determined integrin expression on HRECs. Adhesion was evaluated by coating plastic with Fn or Fn-fs of 45, 70, 110, or 120 kDa, and MTT conversion was used to measure proliferation and survival. Peptide inhibitors and blocking antibodies determined adhesive sites and integrins used for adhesion. Pharmacologic inhibitors and Western analyses were used to evaluate intracellular signaling. RESULTS. HRECs produced significant levels of α2, α3, α5, αv, β1, β3, and β5 integrin subunit mRNA. Flow cytometry of surface integrin expression revealed high levels of α3, α5, and β1 and lower levels of α1, αv, β3, and β5. These results were confirmed by immunocytochemistry. For adhesion to Fn and Fn-fs, the α5β1 integrin was essential. Pharmacologic inhibitors of PI 3-kinase blocked adhesion to Fn and Fn-fs, whereas the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 blocked phosphorylation. The 110- and 120-kDa Fn-fs showed a concentration-dependent increase in proliferation, whereas 500 ng of the 70 kDa Fn-f-induced proliferation. Addition of III 1-C, a matrix assembly domain, increased the proliferative effect of these Fn-fs. CONCLUSIONS. Fn and its Fn-fs modulate HREC adhesion and proliferation through signal-transduction pathways involving coupling of the α5β1 integrin through PI 3-kinase. Mitogenic signals for endothelial cells from degraded extracellular matrix may contribute to the development of diabetic retinopathy.",
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T1 - Fibronectin fragments promote human retinal endothelial cell adhesion and proliferation and ERK activation through α5β1 integrin and PI 3-kinase

AU - Wilson, Sylvia H.

AU - Ljubimov, Alexander V.

AU - Morla, Alex O.

AU - Caballero, Sergio

AU - Shaw, Lynn C.

AU - Spoerri, Polyxenie E.

AU - Tarnuzzer, Roy W.

AU - Grant, Maria B.

PY - 2003/4/1

Y1 - 2003/4/1

N2 - PURPOSE. Extracellular matrix degradation is associated with neovascularization in diabetic retinas. Fibronectin fragments (Fn-fs) are generated during vascular remodeling. The effects of cellular fibronectin (Fn) and selected Fn-fs on adhesion, proliferation, and signal transduction in human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) were characterized. METHODS. Relative quantitative RT-PCR, flow cytometry, and immunocytochemistry determined integrin expression on HRECs. Adhesion was evaluated by coating plastic with Fn or Fn-fs of 45, 70, 110, or 120 kDa, and MTT conversion was used to measure proliferation and survival. Peptide inhibitors and blocking antibodies determined adhesive sites and integrins used for adhesion. Pharmacologic inhibitors and Western analyses were used to evaluate intracellular signaling. RESULTS. HRECs produced significant levels of α2, α3, α5, αv, β1, β3, and β5 integrin subunit mRNA. Flow cytometry of surface integrin expression revealed high levels of α3, α5, and β1 and lower levels of α1, αv, β3, and β5. These results were confirmed by immunocytochemistry. For adhesion to Fn and Fn-fs, the α5β1 integrin was essential. Pharmacologic inhibitors of PI 3-kinase blocked adhesion to Fn and Fn-fs, whereas the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 blocked phosphorylation. The 110- and 120-kDa Fn-fs showed a concentration-dependent increase in proliferation, whereas 500 ng of the 70 kDa Fn-f-induced proliferation. Addition of III 1-C, a matrix assembly domain, increased the proliferative effect of these Fn-fs. CONCLUSIONS. Fn and its Fn-fs modulate HREC adhesion and proliferation through signal-transduction pathways involving coupling of the α5β1 integrin through PI 3-kinase. Mitogenic signals for endothelial cells from degraded extracellular matrix may contribute to the development of diabetic retinopathy.

AB - PURPOSE. Extracellular matrix degradation is associated with neovascularization in diabetic retinas. Fibronectin fragments (Fn-fs) are generated during vascular remodeling. The effects of cellular fibronectin (Fn) and selected Fn-fs on adhesion, proliferation, and signal transduction in human retinal endothelial cells (HRECs) were characterized. METHODS. Relative quantitative RT-PCR, flow cytometry, and immunocytochemistry determined integrin expression on HRECs. Adhesion was evaluated by coating plastic with Fn or Fn-fs of 45, 70, 110, or 120 kDa, and MTT conversion was used to measure proliferation and survival. Peptide inhibitors and blocking antibodies determined adhesive sites and integrins used for adhesion. Pharmacologic inhibitors and Western analyses were used to evaluate intracellular signaling. RESULTS. HRECs produced significant levels of α2, α3, α5, αv, β1, β3, and β5 integrin subunit mRNA. Flow cytometry of surface integrin expression revealed high levels of α3, α5, and β1 and lower levels of α1, αv, β3, and β5. These results were confirmed by immunocytochemistry. For adhesion to Fn and Fn-fs, the α5β1 integrin was essential. Pharmacologic inhibitors of PI 3-kinase blocked adhesion to Fn and Fn-fs, whereas the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor PD98059 blocked phosphorylation. The 110- and 120-kDa Fn-fs showed a concentration-dependent increase in proliferation, whereas 500 ng of the 70 kDa Fn-f-induced proliferation. Addition of III 1-C, a matrix assembly domain, increased the proliferative effect of these Fn-fs. CONCLUSIONS. Fn and its Fn-fs modulate HREC adhesion and proliferation through signal-transduction pathways involving coupling of the α5β1 integrin through PI 3-kinase. Mitogenic signals for endothelial cells from degraded extracellular matrix may contribute to the development of diabetic retinopathy.

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