Fluoride Dentifrice Overcomes the Lower Resistance of Fluorotic Enamel to Demineralization

Luma Fabiane Almeida, Lina María Marín, Esperanza Angeles Martínez-Mier, Jaime Aparecido Cury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


We evaluated if the low resistance of fluorotic enamel to demineralization could be overcome by fluoride dentifrice (FD) treatment. Paired enamel slabs of sound and fluorotic enamel (n = 20/group) from human teeth presenting Thylstrup and Fejerskov index (TF) scores from 0 to 4 were obtained. Half of the anatomic surface of the enamel slabs was isolated and used as a control (baseline) regarding enamel mineralization and fluoride concentration. The slabs were submitted to a pH-cycling model simulating a high cariogenic challenge, and 2×/day they were treated with placebo dentifrice (PD) or FD (1,100 μg F/g, as NaF). After 10 days, the slabs were cut into two halves. Enamel demineralization was evaluated by cross-sectional microhardness in one half, and the fluoride formed (FF) concentration was determined in the other half. For statistical analysis, the data on net demineralization area (ΔΔS) and FF (μg F/g) were grouped into TF0, TF1-2, and TF3-4, and analyzed by two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test (α = 5%). The factors studied were TF (0, 1-2, and 3-4) and dentifrice treatment (PD or FD). The effect of the factors was statistically significant for ΔΔS and FF (p < 0.05). In the PD group, the following pattern for ΔΔS was observed: TF3-4 > TF1-2 > TF0 (p < 0.05); however, the groups did not differ (p > 0.05) when FD was used. Regarding FF, the groups treated with PD did not differ (p > 0.05), but the greatest (p < 0.05) FF concentration was found in group TF3-4 treated with FD. These findings suggest that the higher susceptibility of fluorotic enamel to demineralization lesions is decreased by the use of FD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)567-575
Number of pages9
JournalCaries research
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jul 1 2019


  • Dental caries
  • Dental fluorosis
  • Dentifrice
  • Fluoride
  • Hypomineralization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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