Fluoride intake from foods, beverages and dentifrice by children in Mexico

E. Angeles Martínez-Mier, Armando E. Soto-Rojas, José L. Ureña-Cirett, George K. Stookey, Ann J. Dunipace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations


Objectives: This investigation monitored fluoride ingestion in Mexican children who were susceptible to developing dental fluorosis. Methods: Total fluoride intake, from dietary and toothpaste samples, was determined in 15-36-month-old children from Mexico City and Veracruz, Mexico. A duplicate plate technique was used. Plasma fluoride levels were also determined in this group of children. Results: The children ingested a mean (±SD) of 0.20 ± 0.08 and 0.18 ± 0.07 mg fluoride/kg/day, in Mexico City and Veracruz, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the fluoride ingested by children in the two cities (P > 0.9). Plasma from children in Mexico City and Veracruz contained a mean of 1.30 ± 0.81 and 0.87 ± 0.72 μmol fluoride/1, respectively, and these values were not significantly different. Conclusions: Our results lead to the conclusion that mean fluoride ingested from the combination of foods and beverages was within the proposed safe threshold for fluoride intake of 0.05-0.07 mg F/kg/day. Most of the fluoride intake by these children was derived from the ingestion of fluoridated toothpaste. When all sources of ingested fluoride were added and total fluoride intake was calculated, the children, both in Mexico City and Veracruz, were ingesting amounts of fluoride well above the upper limits of the proposed safe threshold for fluoride intake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-230
Number of pages10
JournalCommunity Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2003


  • Dietary fluoride
  • Fluoride intake
  • Salt fluoridation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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