Fluorimetric measurements and chromatin condensation patterns of nuclei from 3T3 cells throughout G1

Gertrude C. Moser, Robert J. Fallon, Harriet K. Meiss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations


Using two cytological methods based on nuclear morphology, quinacrine dihydrochloride (QDH) staining and premature chromosome condensation (PCC), it has been possible to identify cell cyle positions within G1 of growing and arrested 3T3 cells. The fluorescent intensity of QDH‐stained interphase cells appears to decrease as the cells pass from mitosis to S phase. Likewise, the length and thickness of prematurely condensed chromatids can be related to the cells' position within the G1 period. Data are presented that deal with three interrelated topics: (1) We determined by fluorometric measurements of nuclei from 3T3 cells that the visual observation of the decrease in QDH fluorescence during G1 reflects an actual decrease in total fluorescence and not a dispersion of the fluorescent chromatin in a larger nuclear area. (2) We correlated the results obtained by QDH staining with those of PCC on the same cell samples blocked in G1 by different conditions. Serum‐starved and contact‐inhibited cell nuclei had the highest intensity, hydroxyurea‐treated ones had the lowest intensity, while that of isoleucine‐deprived cells was in between. The same relative order of G1 positions was obtained based on PCC morphology. Thus, both methods monitor the state of chromatin condensation and can be used to identify cell cycle position within G1.(3) We showed with both methods that the states of chromatin resulting from the various G1 blocking conditions differ from each other.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-301
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of cellular physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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