Rats were treated with low doses of the hepatocarcinogen thioacetamide. Forty-eight hours following this treatment, microscopic foci of hepatic injury were observed, which were surrounded by a peripheral rim of histologically normal hepatocytes. These peripheral hepatocytes generally contained enlarged nuclei, and showed nuclear staining for 4-hydroxynonenal-protein adducts, indicative of nuclear oxidative damage. In these same hepatocytes, we also observed specific focal nuclear induction of μ-class glutathione-S-transferase and alcohol dehydrogenase I, two enzymes which are important in metabolism of 4-hydroxynonenal. Of particular interest was the concurrent nuclear induction of APE/ref-1, a multifunctional DNA repair enzyme which can function as a redox factor, and of the transcription factor Jun, whose DNA binding is facilitated by APE/ref-1. These results document an orchestrated focal nuclear response to oxidative damage produced by thioacetamide administration, and may relate to the permanent effects produced by this treatment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research