Force system generated by an adjustable molar root movement mechanism

Rodrigo F. Viecilli, Jie Chen, Thomas R. Katona, W. Eugene Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


Introduction: Tooth movement simulation is important for planning the optimal force system and appliance design to correct a specific malocclusion. Experimental verification of a 3-dimensional force system is described for a unique molar root movement strategy that can be adapted to many clinical scenarios. Methods: The force system was measured for molar root movement springs that had adjustable alpha (anterior) and beta (posterior) moments. A 3-dimensional transducer assessed moments and forces in 3 planes during deactivation and simulated molar rotation. Two experimental situations were compared by using 10 springs in each group: spring reactivation was performed to compensate for changes in the force system caused by molar movement, or there was no reactivation. Results: Without reactivation, the force system becomes unfavorable after approximately 5° of molar movement (rotation). With reactivations, a favorable force system through 20° of molar movement is maintained. Conclusions: Present root-movement appliances require periodic adjustment to achieve optimal tooth movement. Additional studies are needed to design orthodontic appliances for delivering optimal force systems for the entire range of tooth movement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-173
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

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