Forced expiratory maneuvers in very young children: Assessment of flow limitation

Marcus H. Jones, Stephanie D. Davis, Deborah Grant, Kathy Christoph, Jeffrey Kisling, Robert S. Tepper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The application of negative expiratory pressure (NEP) to the airway opening during forced expiratory maneuvers has recently been described as a noninvasive method to assess whether flow limitation is achieved in adults. This methodology has great potential for extending the measurement of forced expiratory maneuvers to young children who may not produce maximal efforts as reproducibly as adults. We used NEP to assess flow limitation in 10 children between 3 and 5 yr of age. NEP was well tolerated by all subjects. With the application of NEP, there was not a step increase in flow, a finding consistent with flow limitation for the subjects. In addition to visual inspection, we proposed a method to quantify the change in flow during a short NEP. The flow-volume curves obtained with and without NEP were visually the same, other than the flow transients produced by NEP. The calculated values of FVC and FEF25-75 were not significantly different when measured from flow-volume curves with and without NEP. There was a statistically significant increase in FEV1 with NEP; however, the group mean increase in FEV1 was less than 2%. We conclude that NEP may be a useful technique to determine whether flow limitation has been achieved in young children performing forced expiratory maneuvers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)791-795
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume159
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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