Fracture resistance and microleakage of endocrowns utilizing three cad-cam blocks

H. M. El-Damanhoury, R. N. Haj-Ali, Jeffrey Platt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study assessed marginal leakage and fracture resistance of computer- Aided design/ computer- Aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) fabricated ceramic crowns with intracoronal extensions into the pulp chambers of endodontically treated teeth (endocrowns) using either feldspathic porcelain (CEREC Blocks [CB], Sirona Dental Systems GmbH, Bensheim, Germany), lithium disilicate (e.max [EX], Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein), or resin nanoceramic (Lava Ultimate [LU], 3M ESPE, St Paul, MN, USA).). Thirty extracted human permanent maxillary molars were endodontically treated. Standardized preparations were done with 2-mm intracoronal extensions of the endocrowns into the pulp chamber. Teeth were divided into three groups (n=10); each group was restored with standardized CAD/CAM fabricated endocrowns using one of the three tested materials. After cementation with resin cement, specimens were stored in distilled water at 378C for one week, subjected to thermocycling, and immersed in a 5% methylene- blue dye solution for 24 hours. A compressive load was applied at 35 degrees to long axis of the teeth using a universal testing machine until failure. Failure load was recorded, and specimens were examined under a stereomicroscope for modes of failure and microleakage. Results were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni post hoc multiple comparison tests (α=0.05). LU showed significantly (p,0.05) higher fracture resistance and more favorable fracture mode (ie, fracture of the endocrown without fracture of tooth) as well as higher dye penetration than CB and EX. In conclusion, although using resin nanoceramic blocks for fabrication of endocrowns may result in better fracture resistance and a more favorable fracture mode than other investigated ceramic blocks, more microleakage may be expected with this material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-210
Number of pages10
JournalOperative Dentistry
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

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Computer-Aided Design
Tooth
Dental Pulp Cavity
Ceramics
Liechtenstein
Coloring Agents
Tooth Fractures
Cementation
Resin Cements
Nonvital Tooth
Dental Porcelain
Methylene Blue
Crowns
Germany
Analysis of Variance
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Fracture resistance and microleakage of endocrowns utilizing three cad-cam blocks. / El-Damanhoury, H. M.; Haj-Ali, R. N.; Platt, Jeffrey.

In: Operative Dentistry, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2015, p. 201-210.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

El-Damanhoury, H. M. ; Haj-Ali, R. N. ; Platt, Jeffrey. / Fracture resistance and microleakage of endocrowns utilizing three cad-cam blocks. In: Operative Dentistry. 2015 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 201-210.
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