Framing, patient characteristics, and treatment selection in medical decision-making

Todd Eric Roswarski, Michael D. Murray, Robert W. Proctor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The effects of patient characteristics, information, and framing on decision-making were explored using scenarios involving patients with AIDS and lung cancer. Participants were physicians affiliated with a large university medical center and undergraduate psychology students. For the physicians, the roles of experience, workload, fatigue, continuing education, and supervision were examined. In scenario one, physicians showed that the way outcomes were framed affected treatment selection for patients with hemophilia (p < .0005), but not for patients who were intravenous drug users (p - .107). In scenario two, similar to a previous study, the students showed a significant framing effect (p = .001), but the physicians did not (p = .085). Patient characteristics and the framing of treatment options can alter decision-making. Experience and additional outcome information also play a role in treatment selection. Computer applications may be a means to eliminate these treatment differences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationHCI and Usability for Medicine and Health Care - Third Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering of the Austrian Computer Society, USAB 2007, Proceedings
Pages315-322
Number of pages8
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering of the Austrian Computer Society, USAB 2007 - Graz, Austria
Duration: Nov 22 2007Nov 22 2007

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume4799 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other3rd Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering of the Austrian Computer Society, USAB 2007
CountryAustria
CityGraz
Period11/22/0711/22/07

Keywords

  • Decision support systems
  • Decision-making
  • Experience
  • Framing
  • Information
  • Patient characteristics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Roswarski, T. E., Murray, M. D., & Proctor, R. W. (2007). Framing, patient characteristics, and treatment selection in medical decision-making. In HCI and Usability for Medicine and Health Care - Third Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering of the Austrian Computer Society, USAB 2007, Proceedings (pp. 315-322). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 4799 LNCS).