Purpose. To examine the effect of free insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), independent of the effect of insulin-like growth factors, in modulating retinal vascular permeability. Methods. We assessed the ability of a form of IGFBP-3 that does not bind IGF-1 (IGFBP-3NB), to regulate the blood retinal barrier (BRB) using two distinct experimental mouse models, laser-induced retinal vessel injury and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced retinal vascular permeability. Additionally, in vitro studies were conducted. In the animal models, BRB permeability was quantified by intravenous injection of fluorescein labeled serum albumin followed by digital confocal image analysis of retinal flat-mounts. Claudin-5 and vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cadherin) localization at interendothelial junctions was studied by immunofluorescence. In vitro changes in transendothelial electrical resistance (TEER) and flux of fluorescent dextran in bovine retinal endothelial monolayers (BREC) were measured after IGFBP-3NB treatment. Acid (ASMase) and neutral (NSMase) sphingomyelinase mRNA levels and activity were measured in mouse retinas. Results. Four days postinjury, laser-injured mouse retinas injected with IGFBP-3NB plasmid demonstrated reduced vascular permeability compared with retinas of laser-injured mouse retinas injected with control plasmid. IGFBP-3NB administration resulted in a significant decrease in laser injury-associated increases in ASMase and NSMase mRNA and activity when compared with laser alone treated mice. In vivo, intravitreal injection of IGFBP-3NB reduced vascular leakage associated with intravitreal VEGF injection. IGFBP-3NB partially restored VEGF-induced in vivo permeability and dissociation of claudin-5 and VE-cadherin at junctional complexes. When IGFBP-3NB was applied basally to bovine retinal endothelial cells (BREC) in vitro, TEER increased and macromolecular flux decreased. Conclusions. Intravitreal administration of IGFBP-3NB preserves junctional integrity in the presence of VEGF or laser injury by reducing BRB permeability in part by modulating sphingomyelinase levels.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience