Frequency and risk factors of workplace violence on psychiatric nurses and its impact on their quality of life in China

Jiao Ying Zeng, Feng Rong An, Yu Tao Xiang, Yun Ke Qi, Gabor S. Ungvari, Robin Newhouse, Doris S F Yu, Kelly Y C Lai, Liu Yang Yu, Yan Ming Ding, Wai Kwong Tang, Ping Ping Wu, Zhi Jiaolong Hou, Helen F K Chiu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the frequency of violence on nurses in Chinese psychiatric hospitals and explored its risk factors and impact on nurses' quality of life (QOL). A survey was conducted with 387 frontline psychiatric nurses in China. Information about experience of workplace violence in the past 6 months, type of workplace violence, and demographic characteristics was collected by a questionnaire. Altogether 319 (82.4%) of 387 nurses reported having experienced at least one type of violent event in the past 6 months. The prevalence of sexual assault, physical and verbal harassment was 18.6%, 61.5% and 78.6%, respectively. Compared to those with no exposure to violence, nurses who were exposed to violence had lower QOL in both the physical and mental domains. Significant predictors of violence against nurses are male sex, receiving college level or higher education and working on rotating duty were independently associated with high risk of violence. Workplace violence against psychiatric nurses commonly occurs in China. Considering the deleterious effects of violence, comprehensive strategies from the perspective of nursing education and training, organizational policy, patient care and staff support are recommended to promote occupational safety in psychiatric settings in China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)510-514
Number of pages5
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume210
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Workplace Violence
Psychiatry
China
Violence
Nurses
Quality of Life
Male Nurses
Organizational Policy
Nursing Education
Psychiatric Hospitals
Occupational Health
Patient Care
Demography
Education

Keywords

  • Psychiatric hospitals
  • Psychiatric nursing
  • Quality of life
  • Workplace violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Frequency and risk factors of workplace violence on psychiatric nurses and its impact on their quality of life in China. / Zeng, Jiao Ying; An, Feng Rong; Xiang, Yu Tao; Qi, Yun Ke; Ungvari, Gabor S.; Newhouse, Robin; Yu, Doris S F; Lai, Kelly Y C; Yu, Liu Yang; Ding, Yan Ming; Tang, Wai Kwong; Wu, Ping Ping; Hou, Zhi Jiaolong; Chiu, Helen F K.

In: Psychiatry Research, Vol. 210, No. 2, 15.12.2013, p. 510-514.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zeng, JY, An, FR, Xiang, YT, Qi, YK, Ungvari, GS, Newhouse, R, Yu, DSF, Lai, KYC, Yu, LY, Ding, YM, Tang, WK, Wu, PP, Hou, ZJ & Chiu, HFK 2013, 'Frequency and risk factors of workplace violence on psychiatric nurses and its impact on their quality of life in China', Psychiatry Research, vol. 210, no. 2, pp. 510-514. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2013.06.013
Zeng, Jiao Ying ; An, Feng Rong ; Xiang, Yu Tao ; Qi, Yun Ke ; Ungvari, Gabor S. ; Newhouse, Robin ; Yu, Doris S F ; Lai, Kelly Y C ; Yu, Liu Yang ; Ding, Yan Ming ; Tang, Wai Kwong ; Wu, Ping Ping ; Hou, Zhi Jiaolong ; Chiu, Helen F K. / Frequency and risk factors of workplace violence on psychiatric nurses and its impact on their quality of life in China. In: Psychiatry Research. 2013 ; Vol. 210, No. 2. pp. 510-514.
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