Frontolimbic atrophy is associated with agitation and aggression in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease

Paula T. Trzepacz, Peng Yu, Phani K. Bhamidipati, Brian Willis, Tammy Forrester, Linda Tabas, Adam J. Schwarz, Andrew J. Saykin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The neuroanatomy of agitation and aggression in Alzheimer's disease is not well understood. Methods: We analyzed 24 months of Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative data for patients with Alzheimer's disease, mild cognitive impairment-stable, and mild cognitive impairment-converter (n = 462) using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire Agitation and Aggression subscale. Magnetic resonance imaging regions of interest that correlated with Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire Agitation and Aggression subscale raw scores were included in mixed-model, repeated-measures analyses of agitation and aggression over time with age, sex, apolipoprotein E ε4 status, education, and Mini-Mental State Examination score as covariates. Results: Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire Agitation and Aggression subscale scores worsened in patients with Alzheimer's disease and in mild cognitive impairment-converter (P <.05; trend for mild cognitive impairment, P =.0518). Greater agitation and aggression severity was associated with greater atrophy of frontal, insular, amygdala, cingulate, and hippocampal regions of interest (P <.05). Mini-Mental State Examination score was significant in mixed-effect model repeated measures only in mild cognitive impairment-converters for posterior regions of interest. Demographics and apolipoprotein ε4 were not associated with agitation and aggression. Conclusions: Agitation and aggression in Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment is associated with neurodegeneration affecting the anterior salience network that may reduce capacity to process and regulate behaviors properly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S95-S104
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Volume9
Issue number5 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agitation and aggression
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Frontolimbic
  • Mild cognitive impairment
  • MRI
  • Salience network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Epidemiology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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