Functional activity of the novel Alzheimer's amyloid β-peptide interacting domain (AβID) in the APP and BACE1 promoter sequences and implications in activating apoptotic genes and in amyloidogenesis

Jason A. Bailey, Bryan Maloney, Yuan Wen Ge, Debomoy K. Lahiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) plaque in the brain is the primary (post mortem) diagnostic criterion of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The physiological role(s) of Aβ are poorly understood. We have previously determined an Aβ interacting domain (AβID) in the promoters of AD-associated genes (Maloney and Lahiri, 2011. Gene. 15,doi:10.1016/j.gene.2011.06.004. epub ahead of print.). This AβID interacts in a DNA sequence-specific manner with Aβ. We now demonstrate novel Aβ activity as a possible transcription factor. Herein, we detected Aβ-chromatin interaction in cell culture by ChIP assay. We observed that human neuroblastoma (SK-N-SH) cells treated with FITC conjugated Aβ1-40 localized Aβ to the nucleus in the presence of H 2O 2-mediated oxidative stress. Furthermore, primary rat fetal cerebrocortical cultures were transfected with APP and BACE1 promoter-luciferase fusions, and rat PC12 cultures were transfected with polymorphic APP promoter-CAT fusion clones. Transfected cells were treated with different Aβ peptides and/or H 2O 2. Aβ treatment of cell cultures produced a DNA sequence-specific response in cells transfected with polymorphic APP clones. Our results suggest the Aβ peptide may regulate its own production through feedback on its precursor protein and BACE1, leading to amyloidogenesis in AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-22
Number of pages10
JournalGene
Volume488
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 15 2011

Keywords

  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Amyloid beta
  • DNA-protein interaction
  • Gene regulation
  • Transcription factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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