The recently cloned vanilloid receptor subtype 1 (VR1) is a ligand-gated channel that is activated by capsaicin, protons, and heat. We have attempted to develop a dominant negative isoform by targeting several mutations of VR1 at highly conserved amino acids or at residues of potential functional importance and expressing the mutants in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Mutation of three highly conserved amino acid residues in the putative sixth transmembrane domain disrupts activation of the VR1 receptor by both capsaicin and resiniferatoxin. The vanilloid binding site in this mutant is intact, although the affinity for [3H]resiniferatoxin (RTX) is diminished by nearly 40-fold. Interestingly, this mutant retains a significant but diminished response to protons, supporting the existence of multiple gating mechanisms for different stimuli. The mutant appears to function by interfering with the gating induced by vanilloids rather than the expression level or permeability of the receptor. In addition, this mutant was found to function as a strong dominant negative mutation when coexpressed with wild-type VR1, providing functional evidence that the VR1 receptor forms a multimeric complex. Analysis of both current density and [3H]RTX affinity in cells cotransfected with different ratios of wild-type and mutant VR1 is consistent with tetrameric stoichiometry for the native capsaicin receptor.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience|
|State||Published - Nov 15 2001|
- CHO cell
- Dominant negative
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