Functional and biochemical consequences of abrogating the activation of multiple diverse early signaling pathways in Kit: Role for Src kinase pathway in Kit-induced cooperation with erythropoietin receptor

Bai Lin Tan, Li Hong, Veerendra Munugalavadla, Reuben Kapur

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25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kit receptor tyrosine kinase and erythropoietin receptor (Epo-R) cooperate in regulating blood cell development. Mice that lack the expression of Kit or Epo-R die in utero of severe anemia. Stimulation of Kit by its ligand, stem cell factor activates several distinct early signaling pathways, including phospholipase Cγ, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Src kinase, Grb2, and Grb7. The role of these pathways in Kit-induced growth, proliferation, or cooperation with Epo-R is not known. We demonstrate that inactivation of any one of these early signaling pathways in Kit significantly impairs growth and proliferation. However, inactivation of the Src pathway demonstrated the most profound defect. Combined stimulation with Epo also resulted in impaired cooperation between Src-defective Kit mutant and Epo-R and, to a lesser extent, with Kit mutants defective in the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase or Grb2. The impaired cooperation between the Src-defective Kit mutant and Epo-R was associated with reduced transphosphorylation of Epo-R and expression of c-Myc. Remarkably, restoration of only the Src pathway in a Kit receptor defective in the activation of all early signaling pathways demonstrated a 50% correction in proliferation in response to Kit stimulation and completely restored the cooperation with Epo-R. These data demonstrate an essential role for Src pathway in regulating growth, proliferation, and cooperation with Epo-R downstream from Kit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11686-11695
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 28 2003

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Erythropoietin Receptors
src-Family Kinases
Chemical activation
Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase
Stem Cell Factor
Growth
Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
Type C Phospholipases
Restoration
Anemia
Blood Cells
Blood
Cells
Defects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Functional and biochemical consequences of abrogating the activation of multiple diverse early signaling pathways in Kit: Role for Src kinase pathway in Kit-induced cooperation with erythropoietin receptor",
abstract = "Kit receptor tyrosine kinase and erythropoietin receptor (Epo-R) cooperate in regulating blood cell development. Mice that lack the expression of Kit or Epo-R die in utero of severe anemia. Stimulation of Kit by its ligand, stem cell factor activates several distinct early signaling pathways, including phospholipase Cγ, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Src kinase, Grb2, and Grb7. The role of these pathways in Kit-induced growth, proliferation, or cooperation with Epo-R is not known. We demonstrate that inactivation of any one of these early signaling pathways in Kit significantly impairs growth and proliferation. However, inactivation of the Src pathway demonstrated the most profound defect. Combined stimulation with Epo also resulted in impaired cooperation between Src-defective Kit mutant and Epo-R and, to a lesser extent, with Kit mutants defective in the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase or Grb2. The impaired cooperation between the Src-defective Kit mutant and Epo-R was associated with reduced transphosphorylation of Epo-R and expression of c-Myc. Remarkably, restoration of only the Src pathway in a Kit receptor defective in the activation of all early signaling pathways demonstrated a 50{\%} correction in proliferation in response to Kit stimulation and completely restored the cooperation with Epo-R. These data demonstrate an essential role for Src pathway in regulating growth, proliferation, and cooperation with Epo-R downstream from Kit.",
author = "Tan, {Bai Lin} and Li Hong and Veerendra Munugalavadla and Reuben Kapur",
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T1 - Functional and biochemical consequences of abrogating the activation of multiple diverse early signaling pathways in Kit

T2 - Role for Src kinase pathway in Kit-induced cooperation with erythropoietin receptor

AU - Tan, Bai Lin

AU - Hong, Li

AU - Munugalavadla, Veerendra

AU - Kapur, Reuben

PY - 2003/3/28

Y1 - 2003/3/28

N2 - Kit receptor tyrosine kinase and erythropoietin receptor (Epo-R) cooperate in regulating blood cell development. Mice that lack the expression of Kit or Epo-R die in utero of severe anemia. Stimulation of Kit by its ligand, stem cell factor activates several distinct early signaling pathways, including phospholipase Cγ, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Src kinase, Grb2, and Grb7. The role of these pathways in Kit-induced growth, proliferation, or cooperation with Epo-R is not known. We demonstrate that inactivation of any one of these early signaling pathways in Kit significantly impairs growth and proliferation. However, inactivation of the Src pathway demonstrated the most profound defect. Combined stimulation with Epo also resulted in impaired cooperation between Src-defective Kit mutant and Epo-R and, to a lesser extent, with Kit mutants defective in the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase or Grb2. The impaired cooperation between the Src-defective Kit mutant and Epo-R was associated with reduced transphosphorylation of Epo-R and expression of c-Myc. Remarkably, restoration of only the Src pathway in a Kit receptor defective in the activation of all early signaling pathways demonstrated a 50% correction in proliferation in response to Kit stimulation and completely restored the cooperation with Epo-R. These data demonstrate an essential role for Src pathway in regulating growth, proliferation, and cooperation with Epo-R downstream from Kit.

AB - Kit receptor tyrosine kinase and erythropoietin receptor (Epo-R) cooperate in regulating blood cell development. Mice that lack the expression of Kit or Epo-R die in utero of severe anemia. Stimulation of Kit by its ligand, stem cell factor activates several distinct early signaling pathways, including phospholipase Cγ, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Src kinase, Grb2, and Grb7. The role of these pathways in Kit-induced growth, proliferation, or cooperation with Epo-R is not known. We demonstrate that inactivation of any one of these early signaling pathways in Kit significantly impairs growth and proliferation. However, inactivation of the Src pathway demonstrated the most profound defect. Combined stimulation with Epo also resulted in impaired cooperation between Src-defective Kit mutant and Epo-R and, to a lesser extent, with Kit mutants defective in the activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase or Grb2. The impaired cooperation between the Src-defective Kit mutant and Epo-R was associated with reduced transphosphorylation of Epo-R and expression of c-Myc. Remarkably, restoration of only the Src pathway in a Kit receptor defective in the activation of all early signaling pathways demonstrated a 50% correction in proliferation in response to Kit stimulation and completely restored the cooperation with Epo-R. These data demonstrate an essential role for Src pathway in regulating growth, proliferation, and cooperation with Epo-R downstream from Kit.

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