Functional reconstitution of recombinant phospholamban with rabbit skeletal Ca2+-ATPase

L. G. Reddy, L. R. Jones, S. E. Cala, J. J. O'Brian, S. A. Tatulian, D. L. Stokes

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Abstract

Phospholamban (PLB) is a small, transmembrane protein that resides in the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) and regulates the activity of Ca2+-ATPase in response to β-adrenergic stimulation. We have used the baculovirus expression system in Sf21 cells to express milligram quantities of wild-type PLB. After purification by antibody affinity chromatography, the function of this recombinant PLB was tested by reconstitution with Ca2+-ATPaSe purified from skeletal SR. The results obtained with recombinant PLB were indistinguishable from those obtained with purified, canine cardiac PLB. In particular, PLB reduced the apparent calcium affinity of Ca2+-ATPase but had no effect on Vmax. At pCa 6.8, PLB inhibited both calcium uptake and ATPase activity of Ca2+-ATPase by 50%. This inhibition was fully reversed by addition of a monoclonal antibody to PLB, which mimics the physiological effects of PLB phosphorylation. Maximal PLB regulatory effects occurred at a molar stoichiometry of ̃3:1, PLB/Ca2+-ATPase. We also investigated peptides corresponding to the two main domains of PLB. The membrane-spanning domain, PLB26-52, appeared to uncouple ATPase hydrolysis from calcium transport, even though the permeability of the reconstituted vesicles was not altered. The cytoplasmic peptide, PLB1-31, had little effect, even at a 300:1 molar excess over Ca2+-ATPaSe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9390-9397
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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