Galantamine provides broad benefits in patients with 'advanced moderate' Alzheimer's disease (MMSE ≤12) for up to six months

David G. Wilkinson, C. Hock, M. Farlow, B. Van Baelen, S. Schwalen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated whether galantamine (Reminyl®), a cholinergic agent with a dual mode of action for the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD), would benefit patients with more advanced illness. We performed a post hoc analysis on pooled data from four pivotal studies in patients with 'advanced moderate' AD: baseline Mini-Mental State Evaluation (MMSE) scores ≤ 12 (range 10-12; mean MMSE score 11) or Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) scores >30 (range 31-69; mean ADAS-cog score 39). Over 5-6 months, cognitive abilities were improved with galantamine versus placebo (p<0.001; mean treatment difference 6.5 points). At 6 months, galantamine benefited functional abilities (p<0.001 vs placebo). The first quartile of galantamine patients improved over baseline by 10.5 ADAS-cog points. Cognitive and functional abilities were maintained around baseline; behavioural symptoms were delayed. Over 6 months, galantamine provided a broad spectrum of benefits to patients with 'advanced moderate' AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-514
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Clinical Practice
Volume56
Issue number7
StatePublished - Sep 2002
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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