Gastrointestinal hemorrhage in patients with AIDS

Naga Chalasani, C. Mel Wilcox

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is a relatively infrequent complication seen in patients with AIDS. As with non-HIV-infected individuals, upper GI bleeding is much more common than lower GI bleeding. In patients with AIDS, upper GI bleeding can result from etiologies related to underlying HIV infection [cytomegalovirus (CMV), Kaposi's sarcoma, idiopathic esophageal ulcers, etc] or be unrelated to HIV infection (peptic ulcer, portal hypertension, Mallory-Weiss tear, etc.). Lower GI bleeding is caused predominantly by etiologies related to underlying HIV disease; CMV colitis is the most common cause. In contrast to non-HIV-infected individuals, hemorrhoids and anal fissures can result in significant bleeding in AIDS patients because of associated thrombocytopenia. Management of GI bleeding in AIDS patients is similar to patients without HIV infection, and includes resuscitation, identification of the bleeding source, achieving hemostasis, and preventing recurrent bleeding. Several etiologies that cause GI bleeding in patients with AIDS can be diagnosed through endoscopy, either by their characteristic endoscopic appearance or mucosal biopsies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)343-346
Number of pages4
JournalAIDS patient care and STDs
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this