GATA-6 can act as a positive or negative regulator of smooth muscle-specific gene expression

Feng Yin, B. Herring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The GATA-4/5/6 family of transcription factors is important for the development of the cardiovascular system and the visceral endoderm. GATA-6 is the only family member expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells and has been shown to be important for controlling the phenotype of these cells following vascular injury. To clarify further the role of GATA-6 in regulating vascular smooth muscle differentiation, we directly examined its ability to regulate the promoters of smooth muscle-specific genes. This analysis revealed that GATA-6 strongly repressed telokin promoter activity. In contrast, GATA-6 activated the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain and smooth muscle α-actin promoters and had no significant effect on the SM22α promoter. Ge1 mobility shift assays demonstrate that GATA-6 binds to a consensus site adjacent to the CArG box in the telokin promoter. GATA-6 did not interfere with the serum-response factor-stimulated promoter activity but blocked myocardin-induced activation of the telokin promoter. In contrast, GATA-6 and myocardin resulted in synergistic activation of the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain promoter. Consistent with these findings, overexpression of GATA-6 in smooth muscle cells selectively inhibited expression of endogenous telokin, while simultaneously increasing expression of other smooth muscle proteins. These data suggest that GATA-6 selectively inhibits telokin expression by triggering the displacement of myocardin from the serum-response factor. As GATA-6 is expressed at high levels in vascular smooth muscle, this finding may explain the relatively low levels of telokin expression in the vascular system. These data also reveal a novel transcription regulatory mechanism by which GATA-6 can modulate the activity of the myocardin-serum-response factor complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4745-4752
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 2005

Fingerprint

Gene expression
Smooth Muscle
Muscle
Serum Response Factor
Gene Expression
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Smooth Muscle Myosins
Myosin Heavy Chains
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Chemical activation
Cells
Cardiovascular system
Endoderm
Aptitude
Muscle Proteins
Vascular System Injuries
Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay
Transcription
Cardiovascular System
Blood Vessels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

GATA-6 can act as a positive or negative regulator of smooth muscle-specific gene expression. / Yin, Feng; Herring, B.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 280, No. 6, 11.02.2005, p. 4745-4752.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f4e594c8a33d44cdbaa053348634b9e6,
title = "GATA-6 can act as a positive or negative regulator of smooth muscle-specific gene expression",
abstract = "The GATA-4/5/6 family of transcription factors is important for the development of the cardiovascular system and the visceral endoderm. GATA-6 is the only family member expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells and has been shown to be important for controlling the phenotype of these cells following vascular injury. To clarify further the role of GATA-6 in regulating vascular smooth muscle differentiation, we directly examined its ability to regulate the promoters of smooth muscle-specific genes. This analysis revealed that GATA-6 strongly repressed telokin promoter activity. In contrast, GATA-6 activated the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain and smooth muscle α-actin promoters and had no significant effect on the SM22α promoter. Ge1 mobility shift assays demonstrate that GATA-6 binds to a consensus site adjacent to the CArG box in the telokin promoter. GATA-6 did not interfere with the serum-response factor-stimulated promoter activity but blocked myocardin-induced activation of the telokin promoter. In contrast, GATA-6 and myocardin resulted in synergistic activation of the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain promoter. Consistent with these findings, overexpression of GATA-6 in smooth muscle cells selectively inhibited expression of endogenous telokin, while simultaneously increasing expression of other smooth muscle proteins. These data suggest that GATA-6 selectively inhibits telokin expression by triggering the displacement of myocardin from the serum-response factor. As GATA-6 is expressed at high levels in vascular smooth muscle, this finding may explain the relatively low levels of telokin expression in the vascular system. These data also reveal a novel transcription regulatory mechanism by which GATA-6 can modulate the activity of the myocardin-serum-response factor complexes.",
author = "Feng Yin and B. Herring",
year = "2005",
month = "2",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.M411585200",
language = "English",
volume = "280",
pages = "4745--4752",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - GATA-6 can act as a positive or negative regulator of smooth muscle-specific gene expression

AU - Yin, Feng

AU - Herring, B.

PY - 2005/2/11

Y1 - 2005/2/11

N2 - The GATA-4/5/6 family of transcription factors is important for the development of the cardiovascular system and the visceral endoderm. GATA-6 is the only family member expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells and has been shown to be important for controlling the phenotype of these cells following vascular injury. To clarify further the role of GATA-6 in regulating vascular smooth muscle differentiation, we directly examined its ability to regulate the promoters of smooth muscle-specific genes. This analysis revealed that GATA-6 strongly repressed telokin promoter activity. In contrast, GATA-6 activated the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain and smooth muscle α-actin promoters and had no significant effect on the SM22α promoter. Ge1 mobility shift assays demonstrate that GATA-6 binds to a consensus site adjacent to the CArG box in the telokin promoter. GATA-6 did not interfere with the serum-response factor-stimulated promoter activity but blocked myocardin-induced activation of the telokin promoter. In contrast, GATA-6 and myocardin resulted in synergistic activation of the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain promoter. Consistent with these findings, overexpression of GATA-6 in smooth muscle cells selectively inhibited expression of endogenous telokin, while simultaneously increasing expression of other smooth muscle proteins. These data suggest that GATA-6 selectively inhibits telokin expression by triggering the displacement of myocardin from the serum-response factor. As GATA-6 is expressed at high levels in vascular smooth muscle, this finding may explain the relatively low levels of telokin expression in the vascular system. These data also reveal a novel transcription regulatory mechanism by which GATA-6 can modulate the activity of the myocardin-serum-response factor complexes.

AB - The GATA-4/5/6 family of transcription factors is important for the development of the cardiovascular system and the visceral endoderm. GATA-6 is the only family member expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells and has been shown to be important for controlling the phenotype of these cells following vascular injury. To clarify further the role of GATA-6 in regulating vascular smooth muscle differentiation, we directly examined its ability to regulate the promoters of smooth muscle-specific genes. This analysis revealed that GATA-6 strongly repressed telokin promoter activity. In contrast, GATA-6 activated the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain and smooth muscle α-actin promoters and had no significant effect on the SM22α promoter. Ge1 mobility shift assays demonstrate that GATA-6 binds to a consensus site adjacent to the CArG box in the telokin promoter. GATA-6 did not interfere with the serum-response factor-stimulated promoter activity but blocked myocardin-induced activation of the telokin promoter. In contrast, GATA-6 and myocardin resulted in synergistic activation of the smooth muscle myosin heavy chain promoter. Consistent with these findings, overexpression of GATA-6 in smooth muscle cells selectively inhibited expression of endogenous telokin, while simultaneously increasing expression of other smooth muscle proteins. These data suggest that GATA-6 selectively inhibits telokin expression by triggering the displacement of myocardin from the serum-response factor. As GATA-6 is expressed at high levels in vascular smooth muscle, this finding may explain the relatively low levels of telokin expression in the vascular system. These data also reveal a novel transcription regulatory mechanism by which GATA-6 can modulate the activity of the myocardin-serum-response factor complexes.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=14244252323&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=14244252323&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M411585200

DO - 10.1074/jbc.M411585200

M3 - Article

C2 - 15550397

AN - SCOPUS:14244252323

VL - 280

SP - 4745

EP - 4752

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 6

ER -