Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis, a demyelinating disease with marked similarity to multiple sclerosis, was produced in two of 12 dogs. All dogs were studied with serial MR imaging. T1- and T2-weighted MR images were obtained both before and after IV Gd-DTPA. Multiple, new periventricular white matter demyelinating lesions were observed after each clinical episode of the disease. Like multiple sclerosis, the acute lesions of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis on T2-weighted MR images were indistinguishable from the older, more chronic lesions. However, after Gd-DTPA, there was bright paramagnetic enhancement of the acute lesions and, in one animal, no enhancement of the chronic lesions on T1-weighted MR images. At necropsy, the differences in the MR paramagnetic enhancement correlated well with the relative histologic age of the demyelinating lesions. Our results suggest that MR with Gd-DTPA may be used to differentite acute, active demyelinating lesions from the more chronic, inactive lesions in this animal model.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||American Journal of Neuroradiology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology