Gender difference in dopamine concentration and postischemic neuronal damage in neostriatum after unilateral dopamine depletion

Zao C. Xu, Wilson Chwang, Xiaoda Li, Xiaoming Chen, Peixin He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Most neurons in the dorsal neostriatum die 1 day after 30 min of cerebral ischemia. Dopamine may play a role in the pathogenesis of neuronal injury in neostriatum following ischemia. It has been shown that the number of surviving neurons in the right neostriatum dramatically increased following ischemia after lesions were made in the right substantia nigra (SN), whereas no such protective effect was observed in the left neostriatum after left SN lesion. Using a voltammetric technique, the present study measured the dopamine concentration in neostriatum during ischemia after unilateral dopamine depletion and correlated it with the postischemic neuronal damage in neostriatum of male and female rats. In both genders, dopamine concentrations in the neostriatum of the intact side increased to 50-60 μM during ischemia while those of the lesion side were 15-30 μM. No difference in dopamine concentration was detected between animals with lesions in the left SN and those with lesions in right SN. In male rats, the number of surviving neurons in the right neostriatum (~80% as control) was significantly greater than that in the left neostriatum (~20%) after ipsilateral dopamine depletion, whereas in female animals, the number of surviving neurons in the right neostriatum (~40%) was about the same as that in the left neostriatum (~35%) after dopamine depletion. These results indicate that the asymmetry in ischemic outcome after unilateral dopamine depletion in male rats is not due to the difference in residual dopamine in neostriatum. The lateralization of D2 receptors in male rats may be responsible for the asymmetry of survivability of striatal neurons after transient forebrain ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-191
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume158
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1999

Keywords

  • Cell death
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Dopamine
  • Neostriatum
  • Sex difference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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