Gender differences between the minnesota code and novacode electrocardiographic prognostication of coronary heart disease in the cardiovascular health study

Zhu Ming Zhang, Ronald J. Prineas, Doug Case, Bruce M. Psaty, Takeki Suzuki, Gregory L. Burke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Minnesota Code (MC) and Novacode (Nova) are the most widely used electrocardiographic (ECG) classification systems. The comparative strengths of their classifications for Q- and ST-Twave abnormalities in predicting coronary heart disease (CHD) events and total mortality have not been evaluated separately by gender. We studied standard 12-lead electrocardiograms at rest from 4,988 participants in the Cardiovascular Health Study. Average age at baseline was 73 years, 60% of participants were women 85% were white, and 22% had a history of cardiovascular disease or presence of ECG myocardial infarction by MC or Nova. Starting in 1989 with an average 17-year follow-up, 65% of participants died and 33% had incident CHD in a cohort free of cardiovascular disease at baseline. Of these, electrocardiograms with major Q-wave or major ST-T abnormalities by MC or Nova predicted increased risk for CHD events and total mortality with no significant differences in predictability between men and women. The study also found that women had fewer major Q-wave changes but more major ST-T abnormalities than men. However, there were no gender differences in predicting CHD events and total mortality. In conclusion, ECG classification systems for myocardial infarction/ischemia abnormalities by MC or Nova are valuable and useful for men and women in clinical trials and epidemiologic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)817-820.e1
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume107
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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