Gender-Specific Effects of Mood on Alcohol-Seeking Behaviors: Preliminary Findings Using Intravenous Alcohol Self-Administration

Melissa A. Cyders, J. Davis Vanderveen, Martin Plawecki, James B. Millward, James Hays, David Kareken, Sean O'Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although negative mood has long been implicated in differences in alcohol seeking by men and women, little research has used precise, well-controlled laboratory experiments to examine how negative mood affects alcohol-seeking behaviors. Methods: A total of 34 (19 women) community-dwelling, alcohol-using adults aged 21 to 32 (mean age = 24.86, SD = 3.40, 74.3% Caucasian; Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test [AUDIT] = 10.1, SD = 3.4) completed 2 counterbalanced intravenous alcohol self-administration sessions: one under negative mood and one under neutral mood. Fourteen individuals (9 women; mean age = 25.00, SD = 2.77) participated in an alcohol "liking" experiment (i.e., free access [FA] drinking) and 20 individuals (10 women; mean age = 24.77, SD = 3.73) participated in an alcohol "wanting" experiment, in which gaining access to alcohol required progressively effortful work. There was no significant difference between men and women on the AUDIT, t(32) = -0.38, p = 0.71. Results: Priming with negative mood induction caused a significant decrease in self-reported mood (mean change = -1.85, t(32) = -6.81, p 

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)393-400
Number of pages8
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

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Self Administration
Alcohols
Independent Living
Experiments
Drinking

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Gender
  • Intravenous Infusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Toxicology

Cite this

Gender-Specific Effects of Mood on Alcohol-Seeking Behaviors : Preliminary Findings Using Intravenous Alcohol Self-Administration. / Cyders, Melissa A.; Vanderveen, J. Davis; Plawecki, Martin; Millward, James B.; Hays, James; Kareken, David; O'Connor, Sean.

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 40, No. 2, 01.02.2016, p. 393-400.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cyders, Melissa A. ; Vanderveen, J. Davis ; Plawecki, Martin ; Millward, James B. ; Hays, James ; Kareken, David ; O'Connor, Sean. / Gender-Specific Effects of Mood on Alcohol-Seeking Behaviors : Preliminary Findings Using Intravenous Alcohol Self-Administration. In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2016 ; Vol. 40, No. 2. pp. 393-400.
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