Genetic delineation of the pathways mediated by bid and JNK in tumor necrosis factor-α-induced liver injury in adult and embryonic mice

Hong Min Ni, Xiaoyun Chen, Ying Hong Shi, Yong Liao, Amer A. Beg, Jia Fan, Xiao Ming Yin

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Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα)-induced hepatocyte death and liver injury can be mediated by multiple mechanisms, which could be evaluated by different animal models. Previous studies have defined the importance of Bid in mitochondrial apoptosis activation in adult mice treated with lipopolysaccharides in the presence of galactosamine (GalN), which suppresses NF-κB activation, but not in embryonic mice in which NF-κBactivation is suppressed by genetic deletion of p65RelA. JNK has also been found important inTNFα-induced mitochondria activation and liver injury in the lipopolysaccharide/GalN and concanavalin A (ConA)/GalN models, but not in a ConA-only model in which NF-κB activation was not suppressed. To determine the mechanistic relationship of pathways mediated by Bid and JNK, we investigated these two molecules in TNFα injury models that had not been previously examined. Most importantly, we created and studied mice deficient in both Bid and JNK. We found that, like JNK, Bid was also required for TNFα-induced injury induced by concanavalin A/ GalN but not by ConA alone. Furthermore, our results indicate that these two molecules function in a largely overlapped manner, with Bid being downstream of JNK in the adult livers. However, JNK, but not Bid, was able to contribute to the TNFα-induced liver apoptosis in RelA-deficient embryos. The Bid-independent role of JNK was also observed in the adult mice, mainly in the promotion of the lethal progression of the TNFα injury. This work defined both linear and parallel relationships of Bid and JNK inTNFα-induced hepatocyte apoptosis and liver injury.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4373-4382
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number7
StatePublished - Feb 13 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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