Purpose of review Paediatric cardiomyopathy is a rare disease with a genetic basis. The purpose of this review is to discuss the current status of genetic findings in the paediatric cardiomyopathy population and present recent progress in utilizing this information for management and therapy. Recent findings With increased clinical genetic testing, an understanding of the genetic causes of cardiomyopathy is improving and novel causes are identified at a rapid rate. Recent progress in identifying the scope of genetic variation in large population datasets has led to reassessment and refinement of our understanding of the significance of rare genetic variation. As a result, the stringency of variant interpretation has increased, at times leading to revision of previous mutation results. Transcriptome and epigenome studies are elucidating important pathways for disease progression and highlight similarities and differences in pathogenesis from adult cardiomyopathy. Therapy targeted towards the underlying cause of cardiomyopathy is emerging for a number of rare syndromes such as Pompe and Noonan syndromes, and genome editing and induced pluripotent stem cells provide promise for additional precision medicine approaches. Summary Genetics is moving at a rapid pace in paediatric cardiomyopathy. Genetic testing is increasingly being incorporated into clinical care. Although interpretation of rare genetic variation remains challenging, the opportunity to provide management and therapy targeted towards the underlying genetic cause is beginning to be realized.
- Noonan syndrome
- genetic variant
- genome editing
- induced pluripotent stem cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health