Residence in high ultraviolet (UV) locations is associated with increased risk for incident nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). However, the effect of geographic location on multiple NMSC development has not been well studied. We evaluated the association between state of residence at birth, age 15 and 30 and risk of multiple NMSCs among 80 275 women and men. After adjusting for age, gender, hair color, number of sunburns, tanning ability, family history of melanoma and nevus count, the cumulative relative risks (RRs) of developing ≥1 NMSC for those consistently residing in medium- and high-UV index states were 1.20 (95% CI 1.14-1.27) and 1.42 (95% CI 1.32-1.53) respectively. We found that compared to individuals with one lifetime NMSC, the multivariate cumulative RRs of developing ≥2 NMSCs for those who stayed in medium- and high-UV index states at all three timepoints were 1.09 (95% CI 1.00-1.19) and 1.15 (95% CI 1.02-1.30) respectively. These results cannot account for migration during the interval period and seasonal changes in residence; further, as BCC is the predominant NMSC, the results may be BCC-driven. In conclusion, we found that consistent residence in medium- or high-UVR locations was significantly associated an incremental risk of ≥2 NMSCs later in life.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry