Gingival recession and associated factors in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population: A cross-sectional study

Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, Ana Alicia Vallejos-Sánchez, Maria de Lourdes Marquez-Corona, América Patricia Pontigo-Loyola, Horacio Islas-Granillo, Gerardo Maupome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Diverse variables are implicated in the pathogenesis of gingival recession; more detailed knowledge about the relationship between the clinical presentation of gingival recession and assorted risk indicators may lead to improved patient monitoring, early intervention, and subsequent prevention. The objective was to evaluate clinically gingival recession in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population and to determine the strength of association with related factors. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a largely homogeneous group in terms of ethnic background, socioeconomic status, gender, occupation, and medical/dental insurance, in Campeche, Mexico. Periodontal examinations were undertaken to determine diverse clinical dental variables. All periodontal clinical examinations were assessed using the Florida Probe System, a dental chair and one examiner. Questionnaires were used to collect diverse risk indicators. Statistical analyses were undertaken with negative binomial regression models. Results: The mean number of sites with gingival recession per subject was 6.73±5.81; the prevalence was 87.6%. In the negative binomial regression model we observed that for (i) each year of age, and (ii) each percentage unit of increase in sites with plaque, and (iii) with suppuration, mean sites with gingival recession increased 2.9%, 1.0% and 13.0%, respectively. Having a spouse was associated with gingival recession. Conclusions: We observed association between gingival recession, and sociodemographic and clinical parameters. Patients need to be educated about risk indicators for gingival recession as well as the preventive maneuvers that may be implemented to minimize its occurrence. The potential of improved oral self-care to prevent a largely benign condition such as gingival recession is important, given the associated disorders that may ensue root exposure, such as root caries and root hypersensitivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMedicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Fingerprint

Gingival Recession
Cross-Sectional Studies
Population
Statistical Models
Tooth
Dental Insurance
Root Caries
Suppuration
Physiologic Monitoring
Self Care
Mexico
Spouses
Occupations
Social Class
Hypersensitivity

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Gingival recession
  • Mexico
  • Oral health
  • Periodontal health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Minaya-Sánchez, M., Medina-Solís, C. E., Vallejos-Sánchez, A. A., Marquez-Corona, M. D. L., Pontigo-Loyola, A. P., Islas-Granillo, H., & Maupome, G. (2012). Gingival recession and associated factors in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population: A cross-sectional study. Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal, 17(5). https://doi.org/10.4317/medoral.17815

Gingival recession and associated factors in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population : A cross-sectional study. / Minaya-Sánchez, Mirna; Medina-Solís, Carlo Eduardo; Vallejos-Sánchez, Ana Alicia; Marquez-Corona, Maria de Lourdes; Pontigo-Loyola, América Patricia; Islas-Granillo, Horacio; Maupome, Gerardo.

In: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal, Vol. 17, No. 5, 01.09.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Minaya-Sánchez, M, Medina-Solís, CE, Vallejos-Sánchez, AA, Marquez-Corona, MDL, Pontigo-Loyola, AP, Islas-Granillo, H & Maupome, G 2012, 'Gingival recession and associated factors in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population: A cross-sectional study', Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal, vol. 17, no. 5. https://doi.org/10.4317/medoral.17815
Minaya-Sánchez M, Medina-Solís CE, Vallejos-Sánchez AA, Marquez-Corona MDL, Pontigo-Loyola AP, Islas-Granillo H et al. Gingival recession and associated factors in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population: A cross-sectional study. Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal. 2012 Sep 1;17(5). https://doi.org/10.4317/medoral.17815
Minaya-Sánchez, Mirna ; Medina-Solís, Carlo Eduardo ; Vallejos-Sánchez, Ana Alicia ; Marquez-Corona, Maria de Lourdes ; Pontigo-Loyola, América Patricia ; Islas-Granillo, Horacio ; Maupome, Gerardo. / Gingival recession and associated factors in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population : A cross-sectional study. In: Medicina Oral, Patologia Oral y Cirugia Bucal. 2012 ; Vol. 17, No. 5.
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abstract = "Background: Diverse variables are implicated in the pathogenesis of gingival recession; more detailed knowledge about the relationship between the clinical presentation of gingival recession and assorted risk indicators may lead to improved patient monitoring, early intervention, and subsequent prevention. The objective was to evaluate clinically gingival recession in a homogeneous Mexican adult male population and to determine the strength of association with related factors. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a largely homogeneous group in terms of ethnic background, socioeconomic status, gender, occupation, and medical/dental insurance, in Campeche, Mexico. Periodontal examinations were undertaken to determine diverse clinical dental variables. All periodontal clinical examinations were assessed using the Florida Probe System, a dental chair and one examiner. Questionnaires were used to collect diverse risk indicators. Statistical analyses were undertaken with negative binomial regression models. Results: The mean number of sites with gingival recession per subject was 6.73±5.81; the prevalence was 87.6{\%}. In the negative binomial regression model we observed that for (i) each year of age, and (ii) each percentage unit of increase in sites with plaque, and (iii) with suppuration, mean sites with gingival recession increased 2.9{\%}, 1.0{\%} and 13.0{\%}, respectively. Having a spouse was associated with gingival recession. Conclusions: We observed association between gingival recession, and sociodemographic and clinical parameters. Patients need to be educated about risk indicators for gingival recession as well as the preventive maneuvers that may be implemented to minimize its occurrence. The potential of improved oral self-care to prevent a largely benign condition such as gingival recession is important, given the associated disorders that may ensue root exposure, such as root caries and root hypersensitivity.",
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