Glaucoma and ocular blood flow: An anatomical perspective

Brent A. Siesky, Alon Harris, Annahita Amireskandari, Brian Marek

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Open-angle glaucoma (OAG) is a chronic progressive optic neuropathy that is increasing in prevalence worldwide. Currently, intraocular pressure is the only known modifiable risk factor. With lowering of intraocular pressure, the proportion of individuals who experience progression of visual field defects is reduced but continues to occur in some individuals. Many other risk factors have been identified, including decreased ocular perfusion pressure and decreased ocular blood flow. Various imaging methodologies have shown an association between OAG and altered blood flow in the various circulations: retrobulbar, retinal, optic nerve head and choroidal. In addition, different morphological alterations have been found to be associated with OAG. This review will cover the evidence that supports the association between altered ocular blood flow and glaucoma. Furthermore, it serves to describe the future methodologies that will assess ocular metabolism, which will strive to move the field closer to definitively understanding the effect of vascular changes on OAG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-340
Number of pages16
JournalExpert Review of Ophthalmology
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012

Keywords

  • ischemia
  • metabolism
  • ocular blood flow
  • open-angle glaucoma
  • perfusion pressure
  • visual function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Optometry

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