Global Outcome Trajectories after TBI among Survivors and Nonsurvivors

A National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study

Kristen Dams-O'Connor, Christopher Pretz, Tausif Billah, Flora Hammond, Cynthia Harrison-Felix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To compare long-term functional outcome trajectories of individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) who survive with those who expire more than 5 years postinjury, using individual growth curve analysis. Design: Secondary analysis of data from a multicenter longitudinal cohort study. Setting: Acute inpatient rehabilitation facilities that are current or former TBI Model Systems. Participants: Individuals 16 years and older with a primary diagnosis of TBI. Main Outcome Measures: Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended; Disability Rating Scale. Results: Individuals in the TBI Model Systems who expire several years after injury demonstrate worse functional status at baseline and a steeper rate of decline over time as measured by both the Glasgow Outcome Scale-Extended and the Disability Rating Scale. There was significant variability in each growth parameter (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E1-E10
JournalJournal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 30 2015

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Glasgow Outcome Scale
Growth
Longitudinal Studies
Inpatients
Cohort Studies
Rehabilitation
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Rehabilitation Research
Traumatic Brain Injury
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • disability
  • global outcome
  • longitudinal outcomes
  • mortality
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Global Outcome Trajectories after TBI among Survivors and Nonsurvivors : A National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Study. / Dams-O'Connor, Kristen; Pretz, Christopher; Billah, Tausif; Hammond, Flora; Harrison-Felix, Cynthia.

In: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, Vol. 30, No. 4, 30.07.2015, p. E1-E10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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