Grade expectations

Informed or uninformed optimism, or both?

Soren Svanum, Silvia Bigatti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated optimistic grade expectations among 258 college students from 2 contrasting perspectives: optimism as uninformed wishfulness and as an informed aspirational judgment. Results revealed considerable grade optimism; most students (70%) overestimated an average of 1 full grade. Grade expectations moderately predicted final grade but not course effort after adjusting for cumulative grade point average (GPA). Grade optimism and predictive accuracy differed as a function of GPA. For most students (upper two thirds on GPA), grade expectations accurately predicted performance, suggesting a mixture of self-knowledge and realistic aspirations, or informed optimism. For less accomplished students, grade optimism may be more uninformed wishfulness, the solution to which may be student skill improvement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-18
Number of pages5
JournalTeaching of Psychology
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2006

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Grade expectations : Informed or uninformed optimism, or both? / Svanum, Soren; Bigatti, Silvia.

In: Teaching of Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 1, 12.2006, p. 14-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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