GTP-binding protein-stimulated phospholipase C and phospholipase D activities in ras-transformed NIH 3T3 fibroblasts

Lawrence Quilliam, C. J. Der, J. H. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The stable GTP analog, guanosine 5'-(3-O-thiotriphosphate), GTPγS, stimulated both inositol trisphosphate (InsP3) and choline generation by NIH 3T3 cell membranes. Choline generation was stimulated by GTPγS over the dose range for activation of GTP-binding proteins. Membranes from control and c-Ha-ras- or c-Ha-ras(61 leu)-transformed cells did not differ in the extent to which GTPγS stimulated InsP3 or choline formation despite 5-10 fold over expression of Ras in the transformed cells. Unlike GTPγS, GTP did not stimulate phospholipid hydrolysis, even in membranes from cells expressing Ras(61leu), a mutant protein having reduced GTPase activity. Thus there is G protein regulation of both phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase D and polyphosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C in NIH 3T3 cell membranes. However, the lack of difference in GTPγS-stimulated phospholipid metabolism between control and ras-transformed cell membranes suggests that Ras does not function as the G protein(s) that directly regulate either phospholipase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalSecond Messengers and Phosphoproteins
Volume13
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

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Phospholipase D
Type C Phospholipases
Fibroblasts
Cell membranes
Choline
GTP-Binding Proteins
Cell Membrane
Guanosine Triphosphate
NIH 3T3 Cells
Phospholipids
Membranes
Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates
Phospholipases
Guanosine
GTP Phosphohydrolases
Inositol
Mutant Proteins
Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C
Phosphatidylcholines
Metabolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

GTP-binding protein-stimulated phospholipase C and phospholipase D activities in ras-transformed NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. / Quilliam, Lawrence; Der, C. J.; Brown, J. H.

In: Second Messengers and Phosphoproteins, Vol. 13, No. 1, 1990, p. 59-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The stable GTP analog, guanosine 5'-(3-O-thiotriphosphate), GTPγS, stimulated both inositol trisphosphate (InsP3) and choline generation by NIH 3T3 cell membranes. Choline generation was stimulated by GTPγS over the dose range for activation of GTP-binding proteins. Membranes from control and c-Ha-ras- or c-Ha-ras(61 leu)-transformed cells did not differ in the extent to which GTPγS stimulated InsP3 or choline formation despite 5-10 fold over expression of Ras in the transformed cells. Unlike GTPγS, GTP did not stimulate phospholipid hydrolysis, even in membranes from cells expressing Ras(61leu), a mutant protein having reduced GTPase activity. Thus there is G protein regulation of both phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipase D and polyphosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C in NIH 3T3 cell membranes. However, the lack of difference in GTPγS-stimulated phospholipid metabolism between control and ras-transformed cell membranes suggests that Ras does not function as the G protein(s) that directly regulate either phospholipase.

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