Health beliefs and intention to get immunized for HIV

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship of health beliefs to intention to accept human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccination. Methods: Respondents were 81 female and 44 mate college students who completed self-administered questionnaires. Questionnaires included items assessing intention to get vaccinated for HIV and the following health beliefs: perceived susceptibility to HIV infection, severity of AIDS, benefits of HIV immunization, pragmatic obstacles to vaccination, conditional nonmembership in a risk group, fear of the vaccine, and fear of needles. Results: Nearly 30% of the subjects were uncertain about or opposed to getting immunized for HIV. Susceptibility, severity, pragmatic obstacles, conditional non-membership in a risk group, and fear of the vaccine were significantly correlated with intent to get vaccinated. Fear of needles, gender, and race were not associated with intent to get an HIV vaccine. Multiple regression analysis identified susceptibility, benefits, pragmatic obstacles, nonmembership in a risk group, and fear of the vaccine as significant independent predictors of intent to vaccinate. Conclusions: These preliminary survey findings demonstrate that intention to accept HIV immunization is not universal and that health beliefs may influence HIV vaccine acceptance. They suggest that it may be important to consider the effects of psychological factors in future research on HIV vaccine acceptance and in the ultimate implementation of HIV immunization programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)354-359
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1997

Fingerprint

HIV
Health
Vaccines
Fear
Needles
Immunization
Vaccination
Immunization Programs
Virus Diseases
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Regression Analysis
Students
Psychology
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Health beliefs
  • HIV
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Health beliefs and intention to get immunized for HIV. / Zimet, Gregory; Liau, Adrian; Fortenberry, J.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 20, No. 5, 05.1997, p. 354-359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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