Hearing loss in infants and children: An update on the evaluation and management paradigms

S. W. Teoh, Richard Miyamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The advent of universal newborn hearing screening and the subsequent monitoring efforts in many developed countries have led to a significant increase in the diagnosis of hearing loss in infants and children. Otolaryngologists are now routinely asked to evaluate and treat hearing deficits in children at a very young age. Alongside this new development is the substantial improvement in our knowledge of the genetics of hearing loss, which has led to the increasing use of genetic testing as part of the diagnostic paradigm. On the treatment front, advances in cochlear implant technology, along with enhanced awareness of the safety of implant surgery, have resulted in expansion of the cochlear implant candidacy to include children as young as 4-6 months. The goal of this article is to review how these new developments have changed the ways otolaryngologists evaluate and treat infants and children with hearing loss. The authors seek to outline the types of hearing loss commonly encountered in this group of patients, the relative merits and pitfalls of the clinical, radiological, laboratory, and genetic testing, and the indications and effectiveness of current medical and surgical treatment options.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalOtorinolaringologia
Volume55
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2005

Fingerprint

Hearing Loss
Cochlear Implants
Genetic Testing
Hearing
Developed Countries
Newborn Infant
Technology
Safety
Therapeutics
Otolaryngologists

Keywords

  • Genetic testing
  • Hearing loss
  • Infant, newborn
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Hearing loss in infants and children : An update on the evaluation and management paradigms. / Teoh, S. W.; Miyamoto, Richard.

In: Otorinolaringologia, Vol. 55, No. 2, 06.2005, p. 123-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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