Heart transplantation in patients with Marfan's syndrome: A survey of attitudes and results

K. A. Kesler, J. J. Hanosh, J. O'Donnell, S. Faust, M. W. Turrentine, Y. Mahomed, J. W. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our institution performed an orthotopic heart transplantation in a patient with Marfan's syndrome. The immediate postoperative course was complicated with ultimate discharge; however, this patient died within 1 year as a result of an aortic dissection. On the basis of our experience, we surveyed all heart transplant centers listed with the North American Transplant Coordinator Organization for other patients with Marfan's syndrome who had been referred for transplantation. Nearly one third of responding centers evaluated a total of 30 patients with Marfan's syndrome. Of these, only 13 were formally listed for a donor organ and 11 underwent heart transplantation with an operative mortality of 9.1% (n = 1). Posttransplantation morbidity was significant and includes a 40% (n = 4) incidence of thoracic aorta dissection (one fatal) in operative survivors. There were three other non- dissection-related late deaths for an overall survival of 54.4% after a mean follow-up of 33.0 months. In this shared experience, it appears that the known vascular complications of Marfan's syndrome may diminish the anticipated results after heart transplantation. The reluctance to place these patients on heart transplant donor waiting lists can be justified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-904
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Volume13
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Transplantation

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