Objective. The hemodynamic effects of local anesthetic administration with and without a vasoconstrictor were compared by using laser Doppler flowmetry. Study design. Seventeen people participated in a single study session in which they were given 2 intraoral injections. The injections, which were administered in random order, consisted of 1.8 mL lidocaine (2%) with epinephrine (1:100,000) and mepivacaine (3%). Hemodynamic parameters consisting of blood pressure, heart rate, and laser Doppler flowmetry were reordered at regular intervals. Results. The laser Doppler flowmeter detected changes in the peripheral perfusion of the finger that were not detected by changes in blood pressure and heart rate. The greatest change was associated with anxiety and occurred just before the injection. The inclusion of epinephrine in the local anesthetic resulted in a persistence of these changes. Conclusion. This investigation has confirmed the sensitivity of laser Doppler flowmetry as an investigational tool for assessing hemodynamic changes associated with anxiety and the administration of local anesthesia.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics|
|State||Published - May 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery